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QuestionAnswer
5% Dehydration Not detectable
5%-6% Dehydration Slight loos in skin turgor
8% Dehydration Definate increase in skin turgor, Slight increase in CRT, Possibly dry mucous membranes
10%-12% Dehydration Skin turgor, sunken eyes, increased CRT, Dry MM, Increased HR & RR, Cold extremities, Possible signs of shock
12%-15% Dehydration Shock and it's clinical signs, very depressed patient, imminent death
Shock Dose Dog 20-40 ml/kg IV first 15 minutesthen...60-90 mL/kg/hr
Maintenance Fluids 40-60 mL/kg/day
Blood Transfusion Rate 0.25 mL/kg for the first 15-20min.5-10 mL/kg/hr max of 22 mL/kg/dog
P wave ECG representation of the depolarization of the right and left atria
PR interval ECG representation of the begining of atrial depolarization into ventricular depolarization
QRS complex ECG expression of ventricular depolarization
T wave ECG expression of repolarization of the ventricular myocardium
Normal Urine Specific Gravity Dogs >1.035 Cats >1.040
Resting Energy Requirement (RER) <2kg and >45kg: 70(wt.in kg) = Kcal/day2kg-45kg: 70+30(wt.in kg)=Kcal/day
Maintenance Energy Requirement (MER) considers Illness Energy Factor (IER) IER x RER = MER Kcal/day
Illness Energy Requirement factor (IER) Takes into account severity of illness, ranges from 1.0 for minor conditions, max of 1.4(cats) to 1.6(dogs) for conditions such as sepsis or severe thermal burns
calculation for volume of formula required MER/Kcal/ml of formula = ml formula/day, divide further depending on # of feedings/day (usually 3-4)
Kilovoltage peak (KVP) High KVP = low contrast (tissue)Low KVP = high contrast (bone)
Shock Infusion Cat 10-20ml/kg IV first 15 minutes Then35-50ml/kg over 1 hr
Transfusion Volume Dog Weight in lbs x 40 x Desired PCV - Actual PCV ÷ Donor PCV = ml of whole blood needed
Transfusion Volume Cat Weight in lbs x 30 x Desired PCV - Actual PCV ÷ Donor PCV = ml of whole blood needed
Listen to heart sounds Stethoscope placement Left parasternal rib space 2 - 4 = pulmonic valve Left mid thorax rib space 3 - 5 = aortic valve, Left parasternal rib space 4 - 6 = mitral valve, Right mid thorax rib space 3 - 5 = tricuspid valve
Created by: tkaoihana