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Vet 116 Final

A and P of Small Animals Vet 116 Final

QuestionAnswer
Which of the following requires ATP? Active Transport
Of the following: Diffusion, osmosis, faciliated diffusion, and active transport involve the movement of water Osmosis
Form and structure of body parts anatomy
functions of body parts physiology
the maintenance of equilibrium in the body homeostasis
the study of bone osteology
bone is the hardest natural substance. T or F True
resting cells in the hard matrix osteocyte
cells that secrete the matrix and harden the matrix osteoblast
cells that remove bone from where it is not needed osteoclast
This hormone from the thyroid gland helps prevent hypercalcemia by depositing excess calcium in bone. Calcitonin
What hormone helps prevent hypoclacemia by withdrawing calcium from bone? parathyroid hormone
this makes up the shaft of long bones and the outside layer of all bones compact bone
tiny randomly arranged spicules of bone give it a spongy appearance cancellous bone
the is the membrane that covers the outer surface of bone? periosteum
this is the membrane that covers the inside of bone endosteum
this type of bone is composed of haversian systems compact bone
these travel the lengthwise in the bone, contains blood and lymph vessels and nerves haversian canals
this on a radiograph might look like a fracture of the bone cortex nutrient foramina
there are at right angles to the long axis of teh bone and join the vessels that run lengthwise volkmann's canal
thsi type of bone formation is the primary way in which bone is formed and starts as cartilage template that is subsequently replaced by bone? endochondral
In these certain bones in this area are formed by intramembranous ossification Skull
this is the shaft of long bones diaphysis
the area of a long bone where growth takes place to lengthen bone epiphyseal plate
the process by which cartilage is replaced by bone is called ossification
the end of the long bone is called epiphysis
T or F. Periosteum covers the articular surface of bone False
this is the largest sesamoid bone in the animal body Patella
this is a common type of marrow in adults yellow bone marrow
the majority of bone marrow in young animal red bone marrow
this is a hematopoietic tissue red bone marrow
this consists of mostly adipose tissue yellow bone marrow
this is a flat articular surface that allows a gliding or rocking motion facet
this is a spherical articular surface at the proximal end of some bones head
this is a depressed or sunken area on the surface of bone fossa
this is a large, round, cylindrical articular surface of the bone condyle
this is a hold in a bone foramen
the axial skeleton consists of what? skull, vertebral column, ribs, sternum
name the VERTEBRAL FORMULA of a dog C7, T13, L7, S3, Cy 20 - 23
name the VERTEBRAL FORMULA of a cat C7, T13, L7, S3, Cy 5 - 23
T or F. The femur is distal to the tibia. False
T or F. the frontal bone is rostral to the parietal bone true
name the correct order of bones in the thoracic limb from proximal to distal scapula, femur, radius, ulna, carpel bones, metacarpel bones, phalanges
Ribs are attached dorsally to what vertebrae thoracic vertebrae
bones are attached to bone by what? ligaments
this forms the cranial portion of the pelvis ilium
this forms the caudal portion of the pelvis ischium
this is the smallest of the 3 pelvic bones pubis
T or F. all 3 pelvic bones come together at the acetabulum true
Another name for the knee joint is what? stifle
the phalanges, metacarpal bones, and metatarsal bones are numbered from what to what? Medial to lateral
this is an involuntary striated muscle type cardiac muscle
this is a voluntary striated muscle type skeletal
this is involuntary, spindle shaped muscle type smooth
this type of muscle contains multi nuclei per cell skeletal
Which of the following requires ATP? Active Transport
Of the following: Diffusion, osmosis, faciliated diffusion, and active transport involve the movement of water Osmosis
Form and structure of body parts anatomy
functions of body parts physiology
the maintenance of equilibrium in the body homeostasis
the study of bone osteology
bone is the hardest natural substance. T or F True
resting cells in the hard matrix osteocyte
cells that secrete the matrix and harden the matrix osteoblast
cells that remove bone from where it is not needed osteoclast
This hormone from the thyroid gland helps prevent hypercalcemia by depositing excess calcium in bone. Calcitonin
What hormone helps prevent hypoclacemia by withdrawing calcium from bone? parathyroid hormone
this makes up the shaft of long bones and the outside layer of all bones compact bone
tiny randomly arranged spicules of bone give it a spongy appearance cancellous bone
the is the membrane that covers the outer surface of bone? periosteum
this is the membrane that covers the inside of bone endosteum
this type of bone is composed of haversian systems compact bone
these travel the lengthwise in the bone, contains blood and lymph vessels and nerves haversian canals
this on a radiograph might look like a fracture of the bone cortex nutrient foramina
there are at right angles to the long axis of teh bone and join the vessels that run lengthwise volkmann's canal
thsi type of bone formation is the primary way in which bone is formed and starts as cartilage template that is subsequently replaced by bone? endochondral
In these certain bones in this area are formed by intramembranous ossification Skull
this is the shaft of long bones diaphysis
the area of a long bone where growth takes place to lengthen bone epiphyseal plate
the process by which cartilage is replaced by bone is called ossification
the end of the long bone is called epiphysis
T or F. Periosteum covers the articular surface of bone False
this is the largest sesamoid bone in the animal body Patella
this is a common type of marrow in adults yellow bone marrow
the majority of bone marrow in young animal red bone marrow
this is a hematopoietic tissue red bone marrow
this consists of mostly adipose tissue yellow bone marrow
this is a flat articular surface that allows a gliding or rocking motion facet
this is a spherical articular surface at the proximal end of some bones head
this is a depressed or sunken area on the surface of bone fossa
this is a large, round, cylindrical articular surface of the bone condyle
this is a hold in a bone foramen
the axial skeleton consists of what? skull, vertebral column, ribs, sternum
name the VERTEBRAL FORMULA of a dog C7, T13, L7, S3, Cy 20 - 23
name the VERTEBRAL FORMULA of a cat C7, T13, L7, S3, Cy 5 - 23
T or F. The femur is distal to the tibia. False
T or F. the frontal bone is rostral to the parietal bone true
name the correct order of bones in the thoracic limb from proximal to distal scapula, femur, radius, ulna, carpel bones, metacarpel bones, phalanges
Ribs are attached dorsally to what vertebrae thoracic vertebrae
bones are attached to bone by what? ligaments
this forms the cranial portion of the pelvis ilium
this forms the caudal portion of the pelvis ischium
this is the smallest of the 3 pelvic bones pubis
T or F. all 3 pelvic bones come together at the acetabulum true
Another name for the knee joint is what? stifle
the phalanges, metacarpal bones, and metatarsal bones are numbered from what to what? Medial to lateral
this is an involuntary striated muscle type cardiac muscle
this is a voluntary striated muscle type skeletal
this is involuntary, spindle shaped muscle type smooth
this type of muscle contains multi nuclei per cell skeletal
this muscle type has branching cells cardiac
this muscle is found in organs such as the stomach or bladder smooth
this muscle type can have individual cells shorten to most when they are contracted smooth
T or F. A nerve impulse is necessary for both skeletal muscle contraction and multiunit smooth muscle contraction T
T or F. Ligaments attach muscle to bones false
T or F. The origin of muscle attachment remains more stable during contraction; the insertion is more mobile. True
this is the 'white line' on the ventral midline that attaches the ab muscles on the left side of the body to the ab muscles on the right. Linea Alba
T or F. The linea alba is a tendon. F. Ligament
This opposes the action of the prime mover antagonist
this stabilizes a joint fixator
this assists the prime mover in carrying out its action synergist
this is the correct term for the muscle cell outer membrane sarcolemma
T or F. When a joint is flexed the angle of the joint increases. False
Actine filaments are thick or thin? Thin
Myosin filaments are thick or thin? Thick
this is the basic contracting unit of skeletal muscle. sarcomere
this connective layer tissue surrounds the entire muscle epimysium
this is the delicate connective tissue that surrounds each muscle fiber endomysium
this is the connective tissue layer that surrounds fascicles Perimysium
This is the term used to describe the shrinkage of muscle that can occur due to lack of nerve inne
Created by: rlayna