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TAMU CVM Micro

QuestionAnswer
Obligate Anaerobes (11) Actinomyces (some), Actinobaculum, Bacteroides, Brachyspira, Clostridium, Dichelobacter, Fusobacterium, Prevotella, Porphyromonas, Treponema, Veillonella
Microaerophiles (2) Borrelia, Campylobacter
Aerobes (9) Bordetella, Moraxella, Brucella, Francisella, Dermatophilus, Mycobacterium, Rhodococcus, Nocardia, Leptospira
Obligate intracellular Lawsonia, Rickettsials
Facultative intracellular (7) Brucella, Francisella, Listeria, Mycobacterium, Nocardia, Rhodococcus, Yersinia
Gram positives (MADE CLEAN CRABSS) Mycobacterium, Arcanobacterium, Dermatophilus, Enterococcus, Corynebacterium, Listeria, Erysipelothrix, Actinobaculum, Nocardia, Clostridium, Rhodococcus, Actinomyces, Bacillus, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus
Acid Fast (1) Mycobacterium
Partial Acid fast (2) Rhodococcus, Nocardia
Spirals (4) Borrelia, Leptospira, Brachyspira, Treponema
Curved (2) Campylobacter, Lawsonia
Coccobacillus (10) Pasteurella, Bibersteinia, Mannheimia, Actinobacillus, Haemophilus, Avibacterium, Histophilus, Bordetella, Moraxella, Brucella
Cocci (4) Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Enterococcus, Veillonella
Filamentous (3) Actinomyces, Dermatophilus, Norcardia
Zoonotic from bite wounds (2) Pasteurella, Actinobacillus equuli equuli
Zoonotics from fecal oral (2) O157:H7
Zoonotic implicated in Crohns' Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis
Zoonotic to immunocompromised (2) Mycobacterium avium & Rhodococcus equi
Nonspecific zoonoses Brucella, Brucella canis, Yersinia pestis, Francisella tularensis, Borrelia burgdorferi, Leptospira, Brachyspira piplisicoli, Campylobacter jejuni, Bacillus anthracis, Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, Mycobacterium bovis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis
pasteurella Multocida Hemorrhagic Septicemia, Fowl Cholera, Atrophic Rhinitis, Bovine shipping complex.
Mannhemia hemolytica Bovine shipping complex
Actinobacillus equuli equuli Septicemia in foals
Actinobacillus ligniersii Wooden tongue in cows, Actinobacillus
Histophilus somnii TEME Thromboembolic Meningoencephalitis, Vasculitis, Bovine Shipping Complex
Histophilus parasuis Glasser's
Escherichia coli EHEC - Edema disease in swine, Bowel edema
Yersinia pestis Plagues
Yersinia ruckeri Enteric Red Mouth disease in salmon
Francisella tularensis tularensis Tuleremia
Bordetella bronchoseptica Infectious Canine Tracheobronchitis, Kennel cough, Atrophic Rhinitis (w/P. multocida)
Bordetella avium Turkey Coryza
Moraxella bovis Infectious Keratoconjunctivitis in Cows
Brucella abortus Brucellosis in cows, Poll evil, Fistulous withers
Brachyspira burgdorferi sensu stricto and lato Lyme disease
Streptococcus hyicus hyicus Porcine exudative epidermitis - Greasy pig
Brachyspira anserina Fowl spirochetosis
Streptococcus agalataciae; dysgalactiae; uberis Bovine mastitis
Trepomna borennaborense Bovine interdigital dermatitis
Streptococcus equi equi Strangles
Staphylococcus porcunus & suis Cervical lymphadenitis
Brachyspira hyodysenteria Porcine dysentary
Streptococcus canis Endocarditis
Enterococcus sp. Vegatative endocarditis
Brachyspira pilosicolli Porcine colonic spirochetosis
Bacillus anthracis Anthrax
Lawsonia intracellularis Porcine proliferative enteritis complex
Campylobacter hemolyticum; chauveoi Bovine black leg
Campylobacter fetus fetus Bovine and ovine abortions
Campylobacter fetus veneralis ovine epizoonitic abortions
Campylobacter jejuni Canine enteritis
Clostridium perfringens yellow lamb - A, Lamb dysentery - B, Acute hemorrhagic diarrhea, pulpy kidney
Actinomyces bovis (ANO2) Bovine Actinomycosis - Lumpy Jaw, Fistulous Withers, Poll Evil
Actinomyces viscosus (ANO2) Canine Pulmonary actinomycosis
Actinomyces hordelovulneris (ANO2) Chronic Pyogranulomatious Lesions in Dogs and Cats
Nocardia asteroides (ANO2) Canine Pulmonary Norcardiosis, Empyema and Pleuritis
Actinobaculum suis (ANO2) Porcine cystitis, pyelonephritis - Ascending infection
Fusobacterium necrophorum (ANO2) Bovine Rumenitis-Liver abscess complex, Bovine footrot (synergistic with P.melaninogenicus), Bovine Contagious interdigital dermatitis, Ovine contagious footrot, Ovine infective bulbar necrosis, Ovine Liver abscesses
Prevotella melaninogenicus (ANO2) Bovine footrot (synergistic with F. necrophorum)
Dichelobacter nodosus (ANO2) Bovine contagious interdigital dermatitis, Ovine contagious footrot
Arcanobacterium pyogenes Ovine infective bulbar necrosis, bovine vegatative endocarditis
Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis Ovine Caseous Lymphadenitis, Equine Ulcerative lymphadenitis, Ram - epididymitis & Orchitis, caprine corynebacterium pseudotuberulosis infection
Corynebacterium cystidis K-9 UTI,, K-9 and feline cystitis
corynebacterium ulcerans Bovine mastitis
Corynebacterium pilosum K-9 UTI, K-9 and feline cystitis
Corynebacterium renale Bovine Contagious Pyelonephritis, K-9 and feline cystitis, K-9 UTI, posthitis, Porcine - UTI and renal abscesses
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae Porcine erysipelas, polyarthritis, vegetative endocarditis
Listeria monocytogenes Bovine Neural listeriosis, Ovine Listeriosis, (listerolysin O, ActA)
Dichelobacters opportunist, polymicrobial infections, fimbriae (vaccines), proteolytic enzymes
Bacteroides opportunist, polymicrobial infections
Prevotella opportunist, polymicrobial infections
Porphyromonas opportunist, polymicrobial infections
Mycobacterium bovis TB in cattle and deer , cell wall waxes; survival in macrophages
Mycobacterium tuberculosis TB in primates, cell wall waxes; survival in macrophages
Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis Johne's Disease - rumies
Mycobacterium rapid growth chronic, subcutaneous pyogranulomatous lesions - in dogs and cats….
Rhodococcus equi bronchopneumonia +/- extrapulmonary disorders - horse - VAPs
Nocardias chronic, subcutaneous pyogranulomatous lesions, cell wall lipids; inhibits ROI
Dermatophilus exudative epidermitis
Pasteurella habitat and transmission mucous membranes (oropharynx) via inhalation, ingestion, endogenous, bites
Bibersteinia trehalosi habitat and transmission mucous membranes (oropharynx) via inhalation, ingestion, endogenous
Mannheimia haemolytica habitat and transmission mucous membranes (oropharynx) via inhalation, ingestion, endogenous
Actinobacillus habitat and transmission mucous membranes (oropharynx) via endogenous (foal acquires via umbilicus at birth)
Actinobacillus pleuropneumonia habitat and transmission upper respiratory tract, obligate parasite of pigs
Haemophilus habitat and transmission respiratory tract via airborne, direct contact
Histophilus somni habitat and transmission upper respiratory tract, lower genital tract via airborne, direct contact
Escherichia coli habitat and transmission lower GIT (commensal), environment via fecal-oral
Salmonella habitat and transmission lower GIT, environment via fecal-oral
Bordetella habitat and transmission upper respiratory tract via airborne, direct contact
Moraxella bovis habitat and transmission bovine conjunctiva, URT via direct contact, flies
Brucella habitat and transmission aborted fetus, placenta, uterine fluids, sexual transmission, milk via penetrates intact mucosae
Brucella canis habitat and transmission above, urine via
Yersinia pestis habitat and transmission reservoir
Yersinia enterocolitica habitat and transmission dunno
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis habitat and transmission Dunno
Francisella tularensis habitat and transmission reservoir
Borrelia burgdorferi habitat and transmission reservoir
Leptospira habitat and transmission renal tubules, contaminated water, genital secretions via penetration of mucous membranes
Brachyspira hyodysenteriae habitat and transmission GIT of swine (incl asymptomatic carriers) via fecal-oral
Brachyspira piplisicoli habitat and transmission GIT of swine (incl asymptomatic carriers) via fecal-oral
Treponema habitat and transmission via
Campylobacter fetus fetus habitat and transmission intestinal tract of sheep (recovered, asymptomatic) via ingestion
Campylobacter fetus venerealis habitat and transmission prepuce, vagina via venereal
Campylobacter jejuni habitat and transmission intestinal tract (normal animals) via ingestion
Lawsonia intracellularis habitat and transmission intestinal tract via fecal-oral
Staphylococcus aureus habitat and transmission nares, skin, external genitalia, bovine udder via direct, indirect contact; endogenous
Streptococcus habitat and transmission mucous membranes, skin via direct or indirect; inhalation, ingestion
Bacillus anthracis habitat and transmission environment (spores) via spores
Clostridium botulinum habitat and transmission environment via ingestion of toxin; wound contamination
Clostridium tetani habitat and transmission environment, soil, transient enteric flora of horses via wound, umbilical contamination
Clostridium chauvoei habitat and transmission soil via ingestion
Clostridium septicum habitat and transmission GI flora, soil (saprophyte) via wound contamination
Clostridium haemolyticum habitat and transmission GI flora, liver, soil via ingestion
Clostridium novyi habitat and transmission GI flora, liver, soil via ingestion
Clostridium perfringens habitat and transmission GI flora via endogenous (proliferation of eneric flora)
habitat and transmission via
EXAM habitat and transmission via
habitat and transmission via
Dichelobacter habitat and transmission obligate pathogen of digits via direct or indirect contact
Bacteroides habitat and transmission normal GI flora, feces, contaminated environment via inoculation, wound contamination
Prevotella habitat and transmission normal GI flora, feces, contaminated environment via inoculation, wound contamination
Porphyromonas habitat and transmission normal GI flora, feces, contaminated environment via inoculation, wound contamination
Fusobacterium habitat and transmission normal GI flora, feces, contaminated environment via inoculation, wound contamination
Actinomyces bovis habitat and transmission endogenous oral flora via endogenous; break in mucous membranes
Actinobaculum suis habitat and transmission prepuce, lower genital tract (female) via breeding
Arcanobacterium pyogenes habitat and transmission mucous membranes via endogenous infections
Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis habitat and transmission mucous membranes, skin, lesions, soil via breaks in the skin
Corynebacterium renale habitat and transmission kidneys via direct contact
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae habitat and transmission transient intestinal flora, soil via ingestion
Mycobacterium bovis habitat and transmission respiratory tract, milk, urine, environment via inhalation, ingestion
Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis habitat and transmission intestinal tract of infected animals via ingestion
Mycobacterium rapidly-growing habitat and transmission soil (saprophytes) via wound contamination
Rhodococcus equi habitat and transmission intestinal tract of infected animals, soil via inhalation, ingestion
Nocardia habitat and transmission soil via trauma
Dermatophilus habitat and transmission lesions of infected animals via direct contact, insects, fomites
Listeria monocytogenes habitat and transmission silage, decontaminating via ingestion
Rickettsiaceal parasites of endothelial cells Rickettsia, Coxiella
Rickettsiaceal parasites of phagocytic cells Ehrlichia, Neorickettsia
Rickettsiaceal parasites of erythrocytes Anaplasma marginale (cows)
Rickettsiaceal parasites of granulocytes Anaplasma phagocytophilum (rumies, horses, dogs, humans)
Rickettsiaceal parasites of platelets Anaplasma platys (dog) reservior & transmission unknown
Rickettsia rickettsii habitat and transmission Host (people, dogs, sheep); reservoir small mammals; transmission via tick bites
Rickettsia rickettsii disease Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
Rickettsia rickettsii pathogenesis infects the endothelial cells
Ehrlichia habitat and transmission Transmission tick-borne; Reservoir canids/dogs
Ehrlichia disease E. Canis (monocytic); E. ewingii (granulocytic); E. chaffeenisis (humans)
Ehrlichia ruminantium (Cowdria ruminantium) African Heartwater disease (Foreign animal disease)
Ehrlichia ruminantium habitat and transmission Hosts - Cattle/sheep; transmission - ticks
Anaplasma marginale habitat and tranmission Host - cattle; reservoir - rumies; transmission - ticks & blood sucking insects.
Anaplasma phagocytophilum diseases Dogs - Canine Granulocytic Ehrlichiosis; Horses - Equine Ehrlichiosis; cattle - Tick borne fever (europe). Reservoir wildlife/rodents; Tranmission
Coxiella burnetii disease Q fever - weaponized.
Coxiella burnetii habitat and transmission Reservoir - most mammals, arthropods, environment; Shed in feces, milk, urine, REPRO discharges; Transmission - airborne. Ingestion, arthopod bite
Coxiella burnetii pathogenesis infects vascular, respiratory, renal epithelium and macrophages
Neorickettsia habitat and transmission NOT transmitted by ticks!!! Reservoir - infected flukes, snails; Transmission - ingestion of flukes.
Neorickettsia risticii (Erlichia risticii) disease Potomac Horse Fever - ulcerative gastroenteritis
Neorickettsia helminthoeca disease Salmon Poisoning
Neorickettsia risticii habitat and transmission/ pathogenesis Infects - Horse; Reservoir - Fluke; Transmission - ingestion of infected aquatic insects, infects the monocytes and intestinal epithelium ~20% fatal
Neorickettsia helminthoeca habitat, and transmission/ pathogenesis host: dogs, bears, raccoons; Reservoir - flukes/snails/fish in Pacific Northwest; Transmission - ingestion of infected fish; Infects macrophages and all lymph tissues; ~90% fatal
Ehrlichia canis disease Canine monocytic ehrlichiosis
Ehrlichia ewingii disease Canine Granulocytic Ehrlichiosis
Anaplasma marginale disease Anaplasmosis
Anaplasma platys disease Canine cyclic thrombocytopenia
Created by: cproth