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Introduction ANS 205

QuestionAnswer
What are the four types of tissues epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
What are the two layers of epithelial tissues simple and stratified
What are the shapes of epithelial tissues squamous, cuboidal, columnar
What are the types of connective tissues cartilage, blood, bone
What are the types of muscle tissues skeletal, cardiac, smooth
How do you describe skeletal muscle striated
How do you describe cardiac muscle striated, syncitium, intercalated discs
What is the nervous tissue made of neurons and glial cells
What are neurons star-shaped body, one or more projection called an axon
What is transitional tissue changes shape by flattening out or becomes taller by stretching
What is an example of transitional tissue bladder
Where can you find pseudostratified tissue trachea, goblet cells, cilia pushing air down
What is the function of pseudostratified tissue protects, lines, produces mucus as a protective layer
How many body systems are there 11
What is the definition of anatomy study of form and structure of organisms
What does anatomy mean to cut apart
What is the definition of physiology study of integrated functions of the body and its parts (systems, organs, tissues, cells)
What do structural systems do provide basic framework and transport system for the body
What do coordinating systems do control mechanism of the body
What do the visceral systems do basic functional systems that do general duties of the body
What is the organization of the nervous system nervous system -> brain and cells -> nerve -> neurons
What is the organization of a system system -> organs -> tissues -> cells
What are the body planes median, sagittal, transverse, horizontal (dorsal)
How does the median plane divide an imaginary plane passing through the body that divides it into two equal halves
How does the sagittal plane divide it is parallel to the median plane
How does the transverse plane divide it is at a right angle to the median plane, dividing it into the cranial and caudal segments
How does the horizontal/dorsal plane divide it is at a right angle to both median and transverse plane, dividing the body into dorsal and ventral
Describe medial and lateral medial: close to the median plane lateral: away from median plane
Describe dorsal and ventral dorsal: toward the vertebral column ventral: away from vertebral column
Describe proximal and distal proximal: closer to a body part distal: away from a body part
Describe prone and supine prone: dorsal part of body in uppermost (face-down) supine: ventral aspect of body is uppermost (belly-up)
What is linea alba where most of the connective tissue converges, surgeons cut here because less blood and nerves
What are the body cavities cranial, thoracic, abdominal, pelvic
What are the four types of tissues epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
What are the two layers of epithelial tissues simple and stratified
What are the shapes of epithelial tissues squamous, cuboidal, columnar
What are the types of connective tissues cartilage, blood, bone
What are the types of muscle tissues skeletal, cardiac, smooth
How do you describe skeletal muscle striated
How do you describe cardiac muscle striated, syncitium, intercalated discs
What is the nervous tissue made of neurons and glial cells
What are neurons star-shaped body, one or more projection called an axon
What is transitional tissue changes shape by flattening out or becomes taller by stretching
What is an example of transitional tissue bladder
Where can you find pseudostratified tissue trachea, goblet cells, cilia pushing air down
What is the function of pseudostratified tissue protects, lines, produces mucus as a protective layer
How many body systems are there 11
What is the definition of anatomy study of form and structure of organisms
What does anatomy mean to cut apart
What is the definition of physiology study of integrated functions of the body and its parts (systems, organs, tissues, cells)
What do structural systems do provide basic framework and transport system for the body
What do coordinating systems do control mechanism of the body
What do the visceral systems do basic functional systems that do general duties of the body
What is the organization of the nervous system nervous system -> brain and cells -> nerve -> neurons
What is the organization of a system system -> organs -> tissues -> cells
What are the body planes median, sagittal, transverse, horizontal (dorsal)
How does the median plane divide an imaginary plane passing through the body that divides it into two equal halves
How does the sagittal plane divide it is parallel to the median plane
How does the transverse plane divide it is at a right angle to the median plane, dividing it into the cranial and caudal segments
How does the horizontal/dorsal plane divide it is at a right angle to both median and transverse plane, dividing the body into dorsal and ventral
Describe medial and lateral medial: close to the median plane lateral: away from median plane
Describe dorsal and ventral dorsal: toward the vertebral column ventral: away from vertebral column
Describe proximal and distal proximal: closer to a body part distal: away from a body part
Describe prone and supine prone: dorsal part of body in uppermost (face-down) supine: ventral aspect of body is uppermost (belly-up)
What is linea alba where most of the connective tissue converges, surgeons cut here because less blood and nerves
What are the body cavities cranial, thoracic, abdominal, pelvic
What is the brief history anatomy they started cutting up human bodies, then animals
What is in the cranial cavity brain
What is in the thoracic cavity heart, lungs, parts of the endocrine system
What is in the abdominal cavity stomach, intestines, liver, pancreas, spleen, gall bladder
What is in the pelvic cavity urinary bladder, uterus, kidneys
What does venter and dorsum mean venter: belly dorsum: back
What is the dorsum most part of the skeleton vertebral column
What is the function of body membranes line or cover, protect, and lubricate body surfaces
How can body membranes be classified mucous/cutaneous, serous, synovial
What is the mucous/cutaneous membrane membranes around the orphosus (nostrils)
What is the serous membrane membranes that line the internal organs, watery
What is the synovial membrane two articular surfaces coming together (joint)
What are some examples of serous membranes pericardium (heart), pleura (lungs), peritoneum (stomach, intestines, urinary, testes)
What is girth/viscera part of membrane covering a viscus (inner)
What is parietal part of membrane lining a body cavity (outer)
Which direction is abduction away from midline
Which direction is adduction toward the midline
Which direction is extension straighten a joint, increase the angle
Which direction is flexion bend a joint, reduce the angle
Which direction is pronation turning toward a prone position (dorsal/up)
Which direction is supination tuning toward a supine (ventral/down)
How do they grade lameness they look at the extension, especially flexion, of the legs during trotting and galloping
Created by: 700120745