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Plant voc

QuestionAnswer
Seed Coat Protects the inside of the seed.
Embryo the beginning of the new plant.
Endosperm Stored food in a monocotyledon.
Stored Food a plant uses stored food until it grows leaves that can make food.
Monocot a type of seed that has only one cotyledon.
Dicot a type of seed that has two cotyledons.
Cotyledon Leaf
Germination the process of growing a new plant from a seed.
Oxygen A gas that has no taste or smell. All living things need oxygen to survive. Plants make this when they go through photosynthesis.
Carbon Dioxide A gas that plants use to make food. Plants get this from the air.
Photosynthesis The process by which green plants use carbon dioxide, water and sunlight to make their own food. The word photosynthesis means "to put together with light". When all these are put together they make sugar and oxygen.
Taproot Plants like carrots and dandelions have these. It consists of one big long root and tiny ones branching off that.
Fibrous Roots Plants such as grass and violets have these. They are good to keep the soil from washing away.
Prop Roots Plants such as corn have these. They are good at giving extra support to the plant. They are also visible from above ground.
Root Hairs They are like hair. They come our of the root like a branch. They absorb water and food for a plant.
Transpiration The flow of water through a plant.
Main Stem Holds up the plant and carries water throughout the plant.
Secondary Stem A stem that grows out from the main stem and holds the leaves.
Chlorophyll The green matter that is needed to make food for the plant.
Xylem The tubes that carry water and food to the plant.
Evaporation The process by which a plant releases moisture.
Stomata Tiny pores on the underside of the leaves in which carbon dioxide and oxygen enter and leave the plant.
Flower Where the seed develops. Flowers have bright colors or a special scent to attract insects.
Sepals The outer green parts of the base of the flower that look like leaves. They protect the flower bud before it opens. Inside the sepals are colored petals.
Petals Colorful parts that surround the center of the flower.
Pistil The female seed
Stamens Stalks around the pistil, the male organ inside the petals. Stamens are the part of the flower that produces pollen.
Pollen Fine yellowish dust made by stamens inside a flower that contains the male sperm cells.
Ovary The pouch at the bottom of the pistil where seeds form. Ovaries are the female part of the flower, which produces eggs that are needed for making seeds.
Fruits Produced in the ovaries of flowers.
Insects Carry pollen from flower to flower (especially bees).
Nectar The sweet substance that attracts insects or birds that pollinate the flower.
Pollination The moment when ripe pollen lands on a ripe stigma.
Stigma The tip of the female part of the flower, which receives the male pollen grains.
Anther The pollen bearing part of the stamen.
Dissemination When a seed leaves the fruit or flower of a plant.
Dormant When a seed falls to the ground and does not grow because it lacks moisture.
Hitchhiking When a seed is contained in a protective shell that has spikes or is covered in a sticky substance that allows the seed to attach itself to an animal or person.
Coconut The seed case of a coconut plant. A coconut can float in water.
Burdock A seed that travels by Hitchhiking on animals and people.
Maple Seed A seed contained within a shell that can travel in the wind.
Milkweed An example of a plant that scatters its seeds by growing exploding pods.
Created by: sbowen
 

 



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