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Chapter 6 Skeletal

TermDefinition
burs/o a pouch
osteoblasts bone forming cells
diaphysis the shaft of a long bone
periosteum fibrous vascular membrane that forms the covering of bones
foramen opening in the bone for blood vessels, ligaments and nerves
joint a place where two or more bones connect
vertebrae connected to form 4 spinal curves
extension straightening a flexed limb
abduct moving body part away from the middle
adduct moving body part toward the middle
inversion turning inward
cervical vertebrae 7 vertebrae
thoracic vertebrae 12 vertebrae
lumbar vertebrae 5 vertebrae
gynecoid relating to characteristics of a woman
open/compound fracture (fx) fracture projects through the skin and possibility of hemorrhage or infection
closed/simple fracture (fx) completely internal break that does not break the skin
rheumat/o discharge
arthr/o joint
arthrocenteis surgical procedure to remove joint fluid
arthroplasty surgical procedure to repair a joint
-scope instrument for examining
calcaneal pertaining to the heel bone (calcan/e-heel bone)
carpal pertaining to (-al) the wrist bones
chondrocostal pertaining to the rib cartilage
cartilage fibrous connective tissue found at the ends of bone
kyphosis condition where the thoracic curvature becomes exaggerated - hump back
ligament band of fibrous tissue that connects bone to bone
lordosis condition where the lumbar curvature becomes exaggerated
osteoarthritis inflammation of the bone and joint
scoliosis abnormal lateral curvature of the spine
-graphy medical imaging
humerus arm bone connecting to the shoulder
ulna arm bone connecting to the humerus on the pinky side
radius arm bone connecting to the humerus on the thumb side
femur thigh bone
tibia shin bone
fibula smaller long bone in lower leg lateral to the tibia
tarsals ankle bones
carpals wrist bones
mandible jaw bone
scapula shoulder blade
clavicle collar bone
sternum breast bone
circumduction circular movement of a limb at the far end
rotation CIRCULAR MOVEMENT AROUND AN AXIS
flexion bending a joint
extension straightening a joint
male pelvis funnel shaped, narrow outlet, heavy
female pelvis basin/oval shaped, wider outlet, lighter, wider sacrum
spiral fracture fracture spirals around axis of long bone; results from twisting stress
comminuted fracture fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed
functions of bones support, protection, movement, mineral storage, blood cell formation
tendons connect muscle to bone
ligaments connect two bones or cartilages together or holds together a joint
greenstick fracture bending and incomplete break of a bone; most often seen in children
cartilage A connective tissue that is more flexible than bone and that protects the ends of bones and keeps them from rubbing together.
flat bones bones of the ribs, shoulder blades, pelvis, and skull
long bones bones of the arms and legs
short bones carpals and tarsals
irregular bones bones of the vertebrae and face, ear
Epiphysis End of a long bone
compact bone Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of a bone
cost/o rib
carp/o wrist bones
-itis inflammation
a- without
-plasia development, formation, growth
Achondroplasia A form of human dwarfism caused by a single dominant allele; the homozygous condition is lethal
Osteoarthritis (OA) inflammation of the bone and joint
por- passage, hole
arthritis inflammation of the joint(s)
-osis condition
isch/i ischium/hip
-algia pain
-al pertaining to
meta- beyond, change
-graph instrument for recording
-malacia softening
-tomy to cut, incision
-ectomy surgical removal, excision
radi/o x-rays
cran/i cranium
-ar pertaining to
manibul/o mandible, lower jaw
analgesics pain relievers (tylenol, motrin, advil etc)
Anti inflammatory drugs Drugs that prevent or limit inflammatory responses to injury or invasion (Motrin, advil, etc)
NSAIDS nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs-ALEVE
RA rheumatoid arthritis
OA osteoarthritis
Fx fracture
Created by: MsGoosherst
 

 



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