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Medical Terminology

Doug Best's Medical Terminology On-Line Class - 2/09

adeno gland
calculi stone
cele tumor/cyst
cyto cell
glyco sugar/sweet
homeo/homo similar/same
linqua tongue
lip fat
lithotripsy stone dissolve
madaro falling hair
psych mind
pyo pus
radi rays
thermic heat
arthro joint
carpo wrist
chondro cartilage
costa rib
cranio skull
dactyl finger
ili hip
manus hand
myel bone marrow
myo muscle
ortho straighten
osteo bone
pedi foot
Spondyl vertabrae
Cutis skin
Dent teeth
Derma skin
Hapsia touch
Odont teeth
Onco tumor
Onychia nail beds
Pedicular lice
Prurigo itching
Psora itch
Sarco flesh
Sclero hard
Squama scaly
Tricho hair
Chole bile
Colon large intestine
Emesis vomiting
Entero intestine
Gastro stomach
Glosso tongue
Hepat liver
ile ileum (last of 3 sections of the intestine)
Laparo abdomen
Myxo mucus
Procto anus/rectum
Pyloro gatekeeper (holds food in stomach until digested)
Stoma opening or mouth
Viscero body organs
Angio vessel
Aortal aorta/main artery
Arterio artery
Cardio heart
Emboli vessel obstruction
Emia blood
Hema or hemo blood
Phleb vein
Thrombo blood clot
Varico varicose veins
Vaso blood vessel
Vena vein
Ventricu heart cavity
Broncho or bronchi airway
Cili hairlike processes
Ectasis expansion
Laryngo larynx or voice box
Naso nose
Oro mouth
Oxy oxygen or keen
Pector breast or chest
Pleura rib side
Pneumo lung
Ptysis to spit
Pulmo lungs
Rhin nose
Tracheo trachea or windpipe
Creatinine waste material in urine
Cysto bladder
Glomerulo nephron part
Nephro kidney
Peritoneo lining of abdominal organs
Pyelo pelvis
Reni kidney
Uretero ureter
Urethro urethera
Uri urine
Uric urine
Uro urine
Bulbo bulblike/bulbous gland
Cervi neck or uterus
Galacto milk
Genito reproductive system
Hyster uterus
Lactin milk
Mast breast
Metr uterus
Natal born
Oophoro ovary
Orchido testicle
Ova/ovi/ovo egg
Salping tube (fallopian)
Sperma or spermato seed
Vas duct or vessel
Audio sound
Cerebro brain
Encephalo brain
Esthesia sensation
Medulla brain middle
Meninga membrane/spinal cord
Occiput back of skull
Oculo eye
Opthalmo eye
Oto ear
Parietes parietel/wall part
Pons bridges
Tempora temporal
a/an without
ab away from
ad toward
algia pain
ante before/wall part
anti against
bi two/double
brady slow
circum around
co/con together
de down/away from
desis binding/fixation of
dia through
dys difficult/abnormal
ecto outside
ectomy excision
endo within
epi outer/on top of/over
exo away from
extra outside/beyond
ferro iron
fore before
form shape of
graphy writing/record
hemi half
hydra/hydro water
hyper above
hypo below
iasis condition of
iatric medicine
ic pertaining to
inter between
intra within
isis/asis condition of
itis inflammation of
juxta near
kinesis movement
kypho humped
logia/logy science of
lysis disintegration
macro large/long
malacia softening
med/medi/medio middle
mega/megaly enlargement
micro small
mono single/one
multi many
neo new
ob against
oid like/shape/resemble
oligo few
ology study of
oma tumor
osis condition
otomy incision
pachy thick
para near/departure from the norm
path disease
penia deficiency
peri around
pexy fixation/suspension
phobia fear of
phoresis transmission
plasty plastic surgical correction
plegia paralysis/stroke
poly many
post after
pre before
pro in front of/on behalf of
pseudo false
ptosis falling
re back/again
retro backward
rrhaphy suture
rhexis rupture
scopy exam
semi half
sphygmo pulse
sub below
super/supra above
sym/syn together
tachy swift/fast
tele distant
toxo poison/toxic
trans across
tri three
ultra above
uni one
xeno foreign
xero dry
albus white
chloro green
chrom color
cirrhos yellow
cyano blue
erythr red
leuko white
melano black
polio gray
purpura purple/porphyria
rhoda rose
rubeo red
xantho yellow
CMA Certified Medical Asst./Registered Medical Asst. (assists in exams, bloodwork, office work)
CNA Certified Nursing Aide (trained to work in nursing home, sometimes hospital)
EMT Emergency Medical Technician (provide emergency care away from hospital setting)
LVN, LPN Licensed Vocational Nurse/Licensed Practical Nurse (supervised by RN)
MD Medical Doctor (may diagnose and prescribe medicines)
ME Medical Examiner (pronounces people dead!)
MLT Medical Lab Technologist (performs lab tests and draws blood)
NP Nurse Practitioner (assists physicians)
OT Occupational Therapist (assists in recovery of daily activity skills)
PA Physician's Assistant (assist physician)
PT Physical Therapist (Helps patients recover lost motor function due to illness or injury)
RHIT Registered Health Information Technician (formerly ART) - manages medical records, possibly coding and transcription
RN Registered Nurse (Nursing tasks, patient maintenance, oversees LPN's)
RRT, RT Registered Respiratory Therapist/Respiratory Therapist (Respiratory care - blood gas and ventilator mgmt.)
a before
aa of each
abd abdominal
a.c. before meals
ADL activity of daily living
Ad Lib as desired
a.m. morning
amt. amount
AROM active range of motion
AX axillary
bid two times a day
BM bowel movement
BP blood pressure
BRP bathroom privileges
c Celsius
č with
cal calorie
cath Catheter
CBR Complete Bed Rest
cc cubic centimeter
CHF congestive heart failure
cm centimeter
CN charge nurse
CNS central nervous system
c/o complains of
DC discontinue
DON Director of Nurses
Dr. Doctor
dx Diagnosis
f Fahrenheit
fx fracture
GI gastrointestinal
gtt drop
GU genitourinary
h hour
H2O water
HOB head of bed
HOH hard of hearing
HS hour of sleep
I/O Intake and output
IV intraveneous
kg kilogram
L Liter
lb. pound
LE/LLE/LUE Lower extremity, left lower extremity, left upper extremity
LT. left
MI Myocardial Infarction
mm millimeter
noc night
NPO Nothing by Mouth
N/V Nausea and Vomiting
O.D. Right Eye
OOB Out of Bed
O.S. Left Eye
O.U. both eyes
oz ounce
p (with a little line over it) after
P Pulse
p.c. after meals
PO by mouth
p.m. evening
prn as needed
PROM Passive Range of Motion
Pt. patient
qd Every Day
qh Every Hour
q2h Every Two Hours
qid Four times a Day
qod Every other Day
QNS Quantity Not Sufficient
QS Quantity Sufficient
® Rectal
R Respirations
RE/RUE/RLE Right Extremity
ROM Range of Motion
Rx Prescription
Ŝ Without
sig write; to be labeled
SOB Shortness of Breath
ss half
SSE soap suds enema
staph staphlococcus
stat immediately
strep streplococcus
syr syrup
T Temperature
tab tablet
tbsp. tablespoon
tid three times a day
TO telephone order
TPR temperature, pulse, and respirations
tsp. teaspoon
UP universal precautions
URI Upper Respiratory Infection
UTI Urinary Tract Infection
v.o. Verbal Order
v.s. Vital Signs
W/C Wheelchair
wt. weight
CCU Coronary Care Unit; Critical Care Unit
CS Central Supply
EENT Eyes, Ears, Nose and Throat
ER Emergency Room
GI lab Gastrointestinal lab
lab Laboratory
MICU Medical Intensive Care Unit
NICU Neuro-Intensive Care Unit, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
OB-GYN Obstetrics and Gynecology or Obstetrician Gynecologist
OR Operating Room
Pedi Pediatrics
PT Physical Therapy
RT Respiratory Therapy
SICU Surgical Intensive Care Unit
ABG Arterial Blood Gas
ACP Acute Care Panel
BUN Blood Urea Nitrogen
C&S Culture and Sensitivity
CBC Complete Blood Count
Chem. Chemistry
CSF Cerebral Spine Fluid
CXR Chest X-Ray
DPT Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus
FBS Fasting Blood
HCT Hematocrit
Hgb Hemoglobin
lytes electrolytes
O&P Ova and Parasites
O2 Oxygen
RBC Red Blood Cells
TB Tuberculosis
UA Urinalysis
WBC White Blood Cells
Ca Calcium
CI Chloride
CRE Creatinine
Fe Iron
Glu Glucose
K+ Potassium
Na Sodium
NaHC03 Sodium Bicarbonate
< less than
> greater than
# pound
@ at
& and
(arrow pointing up) Increase
(arrow pointing down) Decrease
Circle with little arrow Male
Circle with plus sign Female
Anterior Front Side
Distal Farthest point away from
Dorsal Backside
High Fowlers Sitting at a 90 degree angle
Inferior Below
Lateral Side of
Medial Middle
Peripheral On the edge of or outside of
Posterior rear or back of
Prone Lie on the front side facedown
Proximal nearest
Superior above
Supine Lie on back
Transverse across
Ventral to the belly
Myalgia Muscle + Pain
Myesthesia Muscle + sensation
Myocele Muscle + protrusion (hernia)
Myocyte Muscle + Cell
Myocytolysis Muscle + Cell + Destruction
Myocytoma Muscle + Cell + Tumor
Myoedema Muscle + Swelling
Myofascial Muscle + face
Myograph Muscle + writing (record)
Myoid Muscle + like (resembles)
Myolipoma Muscle + Fat + Tumor
Myology Muscle + Study of
Myoma Muscle + Tumor
Myomalacia Muscle + softening
Myomectomy Muscle + Tumor + Removal
Myoneural Muscle + Nerves
Myoneuralgia Muscle + Nerve + Pain
Myoparesis Muscle + Paralysis
Myopathy Muscle + Disease
Myosalpingitis Muscle + Fallopian Tube + Inflammation
Osteoarthropathy Bone + Joint + Disease
Osteochondritis Bone + Cartilage + Inflammation
Osteomyelitis Bone + Marrow + Inflammation
Osteopath Bone + Disease (usually refers to a physician specialty)
Osteoplasty Bone + surgical repair (plastic surgery)
Osteoporosis Bone + Pourous + Condition of
Osteorrhaphy Bone + Suture (wiring together of bones)
Osteosclerosis Bone + Hardening + Condition of
Osteotome Bone + Instrument (used to cut bone)
Dermahemia Skin + Blood
Dermatalgia Skin + Pain
Dermatitis Skin + Inflammation
Dermatoalloplasty Skin + Graft + Surgical Repair (plastic surgery)
Dermatocyst Skin + Bladder (filled with something)
Dermatoid Skin + Resembles
Dermatologist Skin + One who studies
Dermatolysis Skin + Dissolution (destruction)
Dermatome Skin + Instrument (used to remove skin for grafting)
Dermatomycosis Skin + Fungus + Condition of
Dermatoneurosis Skinn + Nerves + Condition of (skin eruptions due to emotion)
Dermatopathy Skin + Disease
Dermatophobia Skin + Fear (afraid of catching a skin disease)
Dermatoplasty Skin + Surgical Repair (plastic surgery)
Dermatorrhagia Skin + Bleeding
Dermatorrhea Skin + Drainage
Dermatorrhexis Skin + Rupture
Epidermitis Outer + Skin + Inflammation
Epidermodysplasia Outer + Skin + Bad + Molding
Hypodermis Below + Skin
Intradermal Within + Skin
Melanoderma Black + Skin (dark pigmentation)
Odontalgia Tooth + Pain
Odontoprisis Tooth + Sawing (tooth grinding)
Odontoptosis Tooth + Drop (downward placement)
Odontorrhagia Tooth + Bleeding
Odontoscopy Tooth + Exam
Scleroderma Hardening + Skin
Subdermal Below + Skin
Xanthoderma Yellow + Skin
Epigastric Outer + Stomach
Gastrocele Stomach + Protrusion (hernia)
Gastrocolitis Stomach + Colon (small intestines) + Inflammation
Gastrocoloptosis Stomach + Colon (small intestines) + Drop (downward placement)
Gastroduodenal Stomach + Duodenum (first part of the small intestine)
Gastroduodenoscopy Stomach + Duodenum + Exam
Gastroenteritis Stomach + Intestines + Inflammation
Gastroenterology Stomach + Intestines + Study of
Gastroenteropathy Stomach + Intestines + Disease
Gastroenteroplasty Stomach + Intestines + surgical
Gastroesophagitis Stomach + Esophagus + Inflammation
Gastrohepatic Stomach + Liver
Gastrolithiasis Stomach + Stone + Condition of
Gastromalacia Stomach + Softening
Gastromegaly Stomach + Enlargement
Gastromyxorrhea Stomach + Mucous + Drainage
Gastropathy Stomach + Disease
Gastropexy Stomach + Fixation (stomach is surgically attached to the abdominal wall)
Gastroplasty Stomach + Surgical Repair (plastic surgery)
Gastropylorectomy Stomach + Pylorus (gatekeeper) + Excision
Gastrorrhagia Stomach + Bleeding
Gastrorrhaphy Stomach + Suture
Gastrorrhea Stomach + Drainage (excessive)
Gastrorrhexis Stomach + Bursting
Gastrostomy Stomach + Opening (new opening into the stomach)
Gastroscopy Stomach + Exam
Gastrotomy Stomach + Incision
Gastrotoxic Stomach + Poison
Nasalgastric Nose + Stomach
Orogastric Mouth + Stomach
Bradycardia Slow + Heart
Cardioangiography Heart + Vessel + Write (record of electrical impulses)
Cardioarterial Heart + Artery
Cardiocele Heart + Herniation (protusion through its sac)
Cardiogenesis Heart + Beginning (heart of a fetus)
Cardiogram Heart + Exam
Cardiohepatic Heart + Liver
Cardiohepatomegaly Heart + Liver + Large
Cardiokinetic Heart + Movement
Cardiologist Heart + One who studies
Cardiology Heart + Study of
Cardiomalacia Heart + Softening
Cardiomegaly Heart + Large
Cardiomyopathy Heart + Muscle + Disease
Cardioplegia Heart + Paralysis
Cardioptosia Heart + Dropping (the heart sags from its normal location)
Cardiopulmonary Heart + Lungs
Cardiorrhaphy Heart + Suture
Cardiorrhexis Heart + Rupture
Cardiotoxic Heart + Poison
Cardiovascular Heart + Vessels
Carditis Heart + Inflammation
Echocardiogram Sound + Heart + Write (record)
Electrocardiogram Electric + Heart + Write (record)
Endocarditis Within + Heart + Inflammation
Endocardium Within + Heart (lining of the heart)
Epicardium Upon + Heart (same as pericardium)
Myocardium Muscle + Heart
Pericardium Outside + Heart (covering of the heart)
Tachycardia Fast + Heart
Bronchoconstriction Windpipe + Tightening
Bronchodilation Windpipe + Widening
Bronchoedema Windpipe + Swelling
Bronchoesophagoscopy Windpipe + Esophagus + Exam
Bronchomycosis Windpipe + Fungus + Condition of
Bronchopneumonia Windpipe + Lung + Condition of
Bronchopulmonary Windpipe + Lung
Bronchoscopy Windpipe + Exam
Bronchospasm Windpipe + Contraction (spasm)
Bronchostaxis Windpipe + Bleeding
Bronchotracheal Windpipe + Trachea
Pleurocentesis Rib Side + Puncture
Pleurodesis Rib Side + Adhesions (adhesions are bands that connect opposing serous surfaces)
Pleurodynia Rib Side + Pain
Pleurolith Rib Side + Stone
Pleurolysis Rib Side + Dissolution (destruction)
Pneumoangiography Lung + Vessel + Write (record)
Pneumogram Lung + Writing (record)
Pneumohypoderma Air + Below + Skin
Pneumonectomy Lung + Removal
Pneumonitis Lung + Inflammation
Pneumonopathy Lung + Disease
Pneumonopexy Lung + Fixation
Pneumoradiography Lung + X-Ray + Write (record)
Pneumoscope Lung + to examine
Pneumothorax Air + Chest
Pneumovirus Air + Virus
Pulmonectomy Lung + Removal
Sinopulmonary Sinuses + Lung
Glycosuria Sugar + Urine
Hematuria Blood + Urine
Nephrocystosis Kidney + Bladder (cysts) + Condition of
Nephrogram Kidney + Write (record)
Nephroid Kidney + Resemble
Nephrolith Kidney + Stone
Nephrolithiasis Kidney + Stone + Condition of
Nephroma Kidney + Tumor
Nephromegaly Kidney + Enlargement
Nephropathy Kidney + Disease
Nephrosclerosis Kidney + Hardening + condition of
Nephrostomy Kidney + Opening (surgical opening into the kidneys)
Pyelonephritis Pelvis (hip) + Kidney + Inflammation
Urinometer Urine + Measure
Urinoscopy Urine + Exam
Mastalgia Breast + Pain
Mastatrophy Breast + Wasting Away
Mastectomy Breast + Removal
Mastitis Breast + Inflammation
Mastoid Breast + Resembles
Mastopathy Breast + Disease
Oophorocystectomy Ovary + Cyst + Removal
Oophoroma Ovary + Tumor
Oophorosalpingectomy Ovary + Fallopian Tube + Removal
Oophorrhagia Ovary + Bleeding
Orchiectomy Testes + Removal
Orchioneuralgia Testes + Nerve + Pain
Orchiopathy Testes + Disease
Orchiopexy Testes + Fixation
Orchiotomy Testes + Incision
Neuralgia Nerves + Pain
Neuralgiform Nerves + Pain + Resemble
Neurectasis Nerves + Extension
Neurectomy Nerves + Excision
Neurexeresis Nerves + Tearing out
Neuritis Nerves + Inflammation
Neuroarthropathy Nerves + Joint + Disease
Neurocyte Nerves + Cell
Neuroencephalomyelopathy Nerves + Brain + Spinal + Disease
Neurogastric Nerves + Stomach
Neurogenesis Nerves + Beginning
Neuroid Nerves + Resemebles
Neurolinguistics Nerves + Tongue + Science
Neurology Nerves + Study of
Neurolysis Nerves + Dissolution (destruction)
Neuromalacia Nerves + Softening
Neuromuscular Nerves + Muscle
Neuromyopathy Nerves + Muscle + Disease
Neuroparalysis Nerves + Loss of Use
Neuropathogenesies Nerves + Disease + Beginning
Neuropathology Nerves + Disease + Study of
Neuropathy Nerves + Disease
Neuropharmacology Nerves + Drugs + Study of
Neuropsychiatry Nerves + Mind + Practice of
Neurosarcocleisis Nerves + Flesh + Closure
Neurosis Nerves + Condition of
Neurosurgeon Nerves + Surgeon
Neurotoxic Nerves + Poison
Neurotripsy Nerves + Rubbing
Neurovascular Nerves + Vessels
Created by: dorisdowd
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