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Digital Xray Imaging

Radiography for Veterinary Technicians

Define Resolution related to the size of the pixels that make up the image- A lot of smaller pixels= sharper image; fewer, larger pixels= less sharp, grainy
Describe Image Noise random variations in the shades of gray— caused by electric or quantum interference— more noise equals decreased contrast
What is the term used to describe increases in exposure factors made in an attempt to reduce the amount of image noise? Dose creep
What controls the range of densities displayed on the final image? Windowing
What is the material used with digital radiography (DR) systems that fluoresces when exposed to the X-ray beam? Scintillator
What can incomplete erasure of the imaging plate (IP) result in? Ghosting
What device do direct detector DR systems utilize to detect and display the image? Thin-film-transistor (TFT)
What % of the image on an IP will be lost in eight hours? 25%
What describes the sensitivity and accuracy of the digital system? Detective quantum efficiency
Aside from a TFT detector, what else do Indirect digital systems use to detect fluorescence? Charged-couple-device (CCD)
Differentiate between computerized radiography and direct digital imaging. CR systems require a cassette with intensifying screens, whereas DDI systems have image receptors built into the table. These are converted to digital data in real time. CR requires the imaging plate to be put into a reader.
What factors determine image quality? resolution, noise, pixel size & number, and field of view
What is the difference between direct detector systems and indirect detector systems? The mechanism in which images are produced- DD uses thin-film-transistor to collect & convert electrons. ID uses a scintillator to detect and convert light energy
What is a pixel? the smallest component of the digital image matrix
How do you try to remove image noise? using higher mAs or kVp can minimize noise, as noise is directly inverse to contrast
What type of cassette screen is used in CR? a screen composed of photostimulable phosphors
Created by: BrianaPenn
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