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Pharmacology

Chapter 2 Routes & Techniques of Drug Administration

QuestionAnswer
Discuss the types of available drug forms. Oral (tablets, capsules, boluses, liquids); parenteral (injections, implants); topical (liniments, ointments, dusting powders, aerosols); microencapsulation (slow release products).
List the six rights of administering medicine. right patient; right drug; right dose; right route; right frequency and time; right documentation.
Name the different types of syringe tips. Luer-lok, slip, eccentric, catheter
What is dead space in relation to a syringe? some liquid remains in the area from the needle tip to the hub after administration. Important consideration for controlled substance documentation.
What is a tuberculin syringe? holds up to 1 mL of liquid; uses 25 gauge or smaller needle.
What is a multi-dose syringe? commonly used for large animals when treating multiple animals. User sets dose and gives repeated injections until the barrel is empty.
What is an insulin syringe? Special syringe just for insulin; no dead space. Divided into units instead of mL. Only to be used for insulin injections.
What are the parts of a needle? hub, shaft, bevel.
How is the length of a needle measured? from tip of hub to end of shaft. Longer than 1 inch--used for large animals or occasionally biopsy.
What are commonly used needle gauges? Swine--16,18; cattle--16,18; horses--16,18,20; dogs--20,21,22,25; cats--22,25; small exotics--23,25,27.
What does the technician need to know to prepare a prescription? Patient being treated; route of administration; frequency; abbreviations used in prescriptions.
What should be included on the label of dispensed medication? Veterinary facility name, address, phone #; veterinarian name; client name & address; patient name & species; drug name; strength of drug; quantity dispensed; instructions for administration (dosage, frequency, route, duration, refills); expiration date
What are DEA requirements for the use of controlled substances? Veterinarian registered w/ DEA; controlled substance code on original container; kept in locked area; inventory log required; complete records; inventory count every 2 years at least.
Created by: kidtaxi9