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Retroviridae

Nonneoplastic Diseases

QuestionAnswer
Circulating immune complexes predispose cats to: glomerulonephritis and polyarthritis
Some persistenly viremic cats suffer from a severe lymphopenia due to...neutropenia, or both Loss of circulating T cells\
What is immunosuppression characterized by in cats? chronic gingivitis and stomatitis, feline infectious peritonitis, hemobartenollosis
Why don't we breed viremic queens? Most kittens born to them become viremic and die at an early age do to "FADING KITTEN SYNDROME" - failure to nurse, thymic atrophy, hypothermia
What two tests can be used to detect the group-specific antigen, p27? ELISA and IFA
What does ELISA test for? What should be done with ELISA positive cats? presence of circulating p27 antigen in plasma, whole blood, or serum. Saliva and tears can also be used. Cats should be retested within 2-3 months to determine if viremia is transient or persistent
What does the IFA test look for? Do these positive cats stay infected for life? p27 antigen associated with leukocytes and platelets in fixed blood smears. 97% of them stay positive for life!
What does a positive ELISA or IFA test indicate? only the INCREASED risk of FeLV-related diseases
What type of cat should you never vaccinate? Cats that were + and then later become -
Vaccination for FeLV reduces the risk of the virus by... 80%
Created by: lkollmeier