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Vet. Terminology

Hemalymphatic System- The breakdown

QuestionAnswer
Hemat-o-logy the study of blood
Morph-o-logy the study of form
erythr-(o)-cyte a red cell; red blood cell
Reticul-o-cyte a "net" cell; a young red blood cell containing remnant ribosomes and endoplasmic reticulum
Poly-chrom-asia a condition of many colors; erythrocytes with varied staining qualities
anis-o-cyt-o-sis a condition of unequal cells; size variations of red blood cells
an-em-ia a condition without blood; a deficiency of erythrocytes and/or hemoglobin
pan-cyt-o-penia a deficiency of all cells; a deficiency of all blood cells
leuk-o-cyte a white cell; white blood cells
leuk-o-penia a deficiency of white; a deficiency of white blood cells
leuk-o-cyt-o-sis a condition of white cells; increased numbers of white blood cells
Bas-o-phil-ic pertaining to blue affinity; things that stain readily with basic or blue dyes
neutr-o-penia a deficiency of neutrophils; decreased numbers of neutrophilic leukocytes in the blood.
eosin-o-phil-ia a condition of red affinity; increased numbers of eosinophilic leukocytes in the blood
lymph-o-cyt-o-sis a condition of lymph cells; increased numbers of lymphocytic leukocytes in the blood
mono-cyt-o-sis a condition of one cell; increased numbers of monocytic leukocytes in the blood.
poly-morph-o-nucle-ar a multishaped nucleus
thromb-o-cyte a clot cell; blood platelets
hem-o-stasis the process of blood stoppage; the process of clotting
thromb-us a clot
phag-o-cyte an eating cell; leukocytes that ingest foreign organisms and particles
macr-o-phage a large eater; phagocytic leukocytes found wandering outside the bloodstream; in the tissues of the body
anti-coagul-ant one that is against clotting; any chemical agent that prevents clotting of blood
mega-kary-o-cyte a large nucleated cell; a cell found in the bone marrow that contains a very large nucleus and from which platelets are formed
lymph-aden-o-pathy disease of the lymph glands; often refers to enlarged lymph nodes
splen-ic pertaining to the spleen
lymph-ang-itis inflammation of lymph vessels
lymph-o-cyte a lymph cell
spen-o-mega-ly a condition of splenic enlargement
inter-stili-al pertaining to between tissues
macr-o-phage a large eater; large phagocytic cells
phag-o-cyt-o-sis the process of cellular eating
path-o-gen-ic pertaining to disease production
tonsill-ectomy cutting out the tonsils; interpreted as surgical removal of the tonsils
lymph-oid resembling lymph
tonsill-itis inflammation of the tonsils
lymph-oma a lymph tumor; a general term referring to a cancerous (usually malignant) disorder of lymphoid tissue
immuno-o-gen-ic pertaining to exemption producing; something that stimulates immunity
immun-o-globul-in an exempt globule/"blob" (i.e. an antibody)
plasma Clear, straw-colored liquid part of blood remaining after red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and other cellular components are removed. The largest component of human blood (about 55%) contains water, salts, enzymes, antibodies and proteins.
buffy coat The light-colored layer of blood that is seen when anticoagulated blood is centrifuged or allowed to stand. It appears as a layer between the plasma and erythrocytes and is composed of leukocytes and platelets.
hematocrit tube (hemato from the Greek haima = blood; crit from the Greek krinein = to separate) is the ratio of the volume of packed red blood cells to the total blood volume and is therefore also known as the packed cell volume, or PCV.
packed cell volume (PCV) is a measurement of the proportion of blood that is made up of cells. The value is expressed as a percentage or fraction of cells in blood.
total protein (TP or TS) is a biochemical test for measuring the total amount of protein in serum
refractometer an instrument for measuring a refractive index.
neutrophils polymorphonuclear- a type of white blood cell, a type of granulocyte, and a type of phagocyte.
eosinophils a white blood cell containing granules that are readily stained by eosin. Marginal phagocytic abilities. Also polymorphonuclear. Allergic reactions and parasitic infections.
monocyte a large phagocytic white blood cell with a simple oval nucleus and clear, grayish cytoplasm. Largest of the leukocytes. Basophilic staining chromatin pattern. Light grayish cytoplasm.
serum the watery portion of an animal fluid remaining after coagulation
lymphatic system tonsils, spleen, thymus, numerous glands, vessels, and cells that provide the body with immunity (resistance to disease) and destroys pathogens.
spleen Similar in structure to a large lymph node, it acts primarily as a blood filter. The spleen plays important roles in regard to red blood cells (erythrocytes) and the immune system.
thymus a small, irregular-shaped gland in the top part of the chest, just under the breastbone, between the lungs. Located in the mediastinum. Part of the lymphatic and endocrine system. Vital in the training and development of T-lymphocytes (T cells)
opsonization turning pathogens into "usable food" for macrophages
Hemat-o-poietic the production of all types of blood cells
Created by: Raevyn1