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Vet. Terminology

Alimentary Tract/Digestive System

TermDefinition
or-o-pharynx the mouth and throat
esophag-e-al pertaining to the esophagus
gastr-ic pertaining to the stomach
pylor-ic pertaining to the pylorus
enter-ic pertaining to the intestines
duoden-al pertaining to the duodenum
jejun-al pertaining to the jejunum
hepat-ic pertaining to the liver
ile-o-cec-al pertaining to the ileum, and the cecum
bili-ary pertaining to bile
pancreat-ic pertaining to the pancreas
peritone-al pertaining to the peritoneum
haustra-tion pertaining to a haustra. Haustrations are small pouches or sacculations in the colon and rectum.
degluti-tion the act of swallowing
defeca-tion the act of defecating (evacuation of the bowels, a bowel movement)
post-prandi-al pertaining to after a meal
muc-us the presence of slime
muc-ous pertaining to mucous
muc-o-sal pertaining to mucous
muc-oid resembling mucous
sub-muc-o-sal pertaining to beneath mucus
Lact-e-al Pertaining to milky
Lip-ase an enzyme of fat (lipid)
amyl-ase an enzyme of starch (amylum = starch)
copr-o-phag-ia the process of feces/dung eating
aliment-ary pertaining to food
alimentary system consists of mouth, stomach/intestines, pancrea, liver, and gall bladder
small intestines Made up of the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum. Most digestion and absorption of nutrients happens here.
villi line the small intestine to maximize digestion and absorption by increasing surface area.
large intestine also called the colon. Water absorption occurs here. Empties into the rectum then the anus.
Pylorus the opening from the stomach into the duodenum (small intestine)
Cardia the upper opening of the stomach, where the esophagus enters
Forestomach (before intestines) Has four compartments: Reticulum, Rumen (largest), Omasum, Abomasum (true stomach, enzymatic digestion occurs here)
Fat soluble vitamins (stored in the liver) Vitamin A, D, E, K
peristalsis the involuntary constriction and relaxation of the muscles of the intestine or another canal, creating wave-like movements that push the contents of the canal forward.
omentum curtain of fatty tissue that hangs down from our stomach and liver and wraps around the intestines, and is known to play a role in immune responses and metabolism, although exactly how that happens is only dimly understood
mesentary contiguous set of tissues that attaches the intestines to the abdominal wall and is formed by the double fold of peritoneum. It helps in storing fat and allowing blood vessels, lymphatics, and nerves to supply the intestines, among other functions
peritoneum the serous membrane lining the cavity of the abdomen and covering the abdominal organs
reticulum reticulum is the second chamber in the alimentary canal of a ruminant animal. Having a honeycomb-like structure, receiving food from the rumen and passing it to the omasum
rumen also known as a paunch, forms the larger part of the reticulorumen, which is the first chamber in the alimentary canal of ruminant animals. It serves as the primary site for microbial fermentation of ingested feed
omasum the muscular third stomach of a ruminant animal, between the reticulum and the abomasum.
abomasum ("true stomach") also known as the maw, rennet-bag, or reed tripe, is the fourth and final stomach compartment in ruminants. It secretes rennet. Site of enzymatic digestion.
Created by: Raevyn1