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Vet. Terminology

Terms of Direction, Body Planes, the Cell, and Body Organization ?'s

QuestionAnswer
Divides the body into equal right and left halves Median plane or medsagittal
Any plane to the right or left of the median plane Sagittal plane
Divides the body into equal upper and lower halves Dorsal plane
Divides the body into equal front and back halves Transverse plane
Lys-o-some Contains enzymes to process food and protects other organelles from enzymes
Packages products and wastes for transport Golgi Apparatus
Transportation system for the cell Endoplasmic reticulum
Mitochondria "Powerhouse of the cell" Uses glucose to produce energy for cell
Production units for assembling proteins Ribosomes
Nucle-us Information center of the cell. DNA is stored and processed here
Mit-o-sis A condition of thread; Simple cell reproduction (cloning)
Chromosome development Prophase
Chromosome alignment on spindle fibers Metaphase
Chromsome separation into chromatids at each pole Anaphase
Completion of cell division into two daughter cells. Telephase
Micr-o-scop-ic Pertaining to a small view; clinically refers to something that requires visualization by microscope
Cyt-o-logy The study of cells
Lys-o-som-al Pertaining to a dissolving/destructive body
Intra-cellul-ar Pertaining to within cells
Extra-cellul-ar Pertaining to outside of cells
Nucle-ar Pertaining to a nucleus
Chrom-o-some A colored body. A threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in the nucleus of most living cells, carrying genetic information in the form of genes
Nucle-olus A small nucleus. A small dense spherical structure in the nucleus of a cell during interphase
Endo-plasm-ic Pertaining to within matter
Centr-i-ole A small center. A minute cylindrical organelle near the nucleus in animal cells, occurring in pairs and involved in the development of spindle fibers in cell division
Cyt-o-plasm-ic Pertaining to cell matter. It helps to fill out the cell and keeps organelles in their place
Vacu-ole A small emptiness. A space or vesicle within the cytoplasm of a cell, enclosed by a membrane and typically containing fluid
Chromat-ic Pertaining to color
Phag-o-cyt-o-sis Process of eating [by] cells
Pin-o-cyt-o-sis Process of drinking [by] cells
Ex-o-cyt-o-sis Processing out of a cell
Inter-cellul-ar Pertaining to between cells
Organ-elle A tiny organ
Physi-o-logy The study of function. Branch of biology that deals with the normal functions of living organisms and their parts
Reticul-ar Pertaining to a net
Rib-o-som-al Pertaining to an RNA body
Centr-o-mere A central part. The region of a chromosome to which the microtubules of the spindle attach, during cell division
Cellular Membrane Outer most structure that forms an envelope or "skin" around all of the intracellular components. Composed of lipids and proteins.
Smooth ER Complex network of canals and flattened sacs throughout the cytoplasm of a cell. It appears rough microscopically because of the many ribosomes attached to it.
Ribosomes Tiny spherical organelles responsible for the production of things like proteins
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
The surface of a cat's rear paw where the sole is found plantar
Pertaining to the side lateral
The surface of a limb that lies nearest the midsagittal plane medial
A word part that follows a root and modifies its meaning suffix
In relation to the trunk of the body, the hip is the most __________ point on the rear limb proximal
A radiographic view in which the beam passes through the surface of the belly and then the back, before reaching the film ventrodorsal
Toward the nose rostrad
An incomplete word that is formed by joining a root word with a vowel combining form
The horizontal body plane that divides an animal into ventral and dorsal portions Dorsal plane
Hemat-o-poiet-ic Pertaining to blood production
Created by: Raevyn1