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Vet. Terminology

The Musculoskeletal System

TermDefinition
Scapulohumeral Pertaining to the scapula and the humerus. Anatomically refers to the shoulder joint.
Humeroradioulnar Pertaining to the humerus, radius, and ulna. Anatomically refers to the elbow joint.
Carpal Pertaining to the carpus.
Metacarpal Pertaining to beyond/after the carpus. Anatomically refers to the portion of the distal forelimb that lies between the carpus and the phalanges.
Metacarpophalangeal Pertaining to the metacarpus and phalanges. Anatomically refers to any joint formed by a metacarpal bond and a phalanx.
Interphalangeal Pertaining to between the phalanges. Anatomically refers to those joints formed by phalanges.
Coxofemoral Pertaining to the hip and femur. Anatomically refers to the hip joint.
Femorotibial Pertaining to the femur and tibia. Anatomically refers to the stifle joint.
Tarsal Pertaining to the tarsus.
Metatarsal Pertaining to beyond/after the tarsus. Anatomically refers to that portion of the distal hindlimb that lies between the tarsus and the phalanges.
Metatarsophalangeal Pertaining to the metatarsus and phalanges. Anatomically refers to any joint formed by a metatarsal bone and a phalanx.
Cervical Pertaining to the neck.
Intervertebral Pertaining to between vertebrae. Anatomically, the joints formed between the bones of the spinal column.
Costochondral Pertaining to rib cartilage. Anatomically, the cartilage that connects the bony ribs to the sternum.
Sternal Pertaining to the sternum.
Epiphysis To grow up. Anatomically, the end of a long bone. Usually covered with cartilage. pl. epiphyses
Metaphysis To grow beyond. Anatomically, refers to the wider portion of the shaft of a long bone that is found at each end and is adjacent to the epiphysis. pl. metaphyses.
Diaphysis To grow between. Anatomically, the shaft of a long bone. pl. diaphyses
Periosteal Pertaining to around bone. Anatomically refers to the periosteum, a specialized connective tissue that covers the outer surfaces of all bones.
Endosteum Within bone. Anatomically the specialized tissue membrane that covers the interior surfaces of all bone.
Synovial Pertaining to with [egg]. Anatomically refers to the synovia, a thick, transparent fluid found in joints and resembles egg whites.
Arthritis Inflammation of a joint.
Myositis Inflammation of muscle.
Orthopedic Pertaining to straightening a child. Clinically refers to correction of deformities of the musculoskeletal system.
Flexion The act of bending.
Extension The act of out-stretching.
Created by: Raevyn1