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Vet. Terminology

The Respiratory System

Pleura Pertaining to the pleura.
Pneumonia A condition of the lungs. Clinically refers to inflammation of the lungs with consolidation.
Tracheobronchitis Inflammation of the trachea and bronchi.
Rhinoplasty To form the nose. Clinically, this is "plastic surgery," reconstructive surgery of the nose.
Endotracheal Pertaining to within the trachea.
Tracheotomy To incise (cut into) the trachea. Clinically refers to a surgical procedure in which an incision is made into the trachea.
Tracheostomy To create a "mouth" in the trachea. Clinically refers to an artificial opening created in the trachea, as well as the apparatus used to maintain patency of the opening.
Rhinitis Inflammation of the nose.
Rhinopneumonitis Inflammation of the nose and the lungs.
Pneumothorax Air of the chest. Clinically refers to free air in the pleural space/chest cavity.
Hemothorax Blood of the chest. Clinically refers to blood in the pleural space/chest cavity.
Pyothorax Pus of the chest. Clinically refers to pus in the pleural space/chest cavity.
Atelectasis Imperfect/incomplete expansion. Clinically referes to "collapse" of the lungs.
Tachypnea Rapid breathing.
Bradypnea Slow breathing.
Hyperpnea Excessive breathing. Clinically refers to a breathing pattern characterized by increased rate and depth.
Dyspnea Difficulty breathing.
Apnea Absence of breathing.
Hypercapnia A condition of excessive carbon dioxide.
Hypoxia A condition of deficient oxygen.
Alveolar Pertaining to an alveolus or alveoli.
Sinusitis Inflammation of a sinus.
Intercostal Pertaining to between the ribs.
Bronchiole A small bronchus. Anatomically refers to the tiny airways that head to the alveoli.
Inspiration The act of breathing in.
Expiration The act of breathing out.
Aspiration The act of breathing to [in] a - is derived in this case from the prefix "ad-meaning "to" or "toward." Clinically frequently refers to the inspiration of foreign material into the lungs.
Cyanosis A condition of blueness. Clinically refers to blue coloration of the mucous membranes.
Created by: Raevyn1