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Vet. Terminology

The Cardiovascular System

TermDefinition
Cardiac Pertaining to the heart.
Cardiologist One who specializes in heart study. A doctor specializing in heart disease and treatment.
pericardial Pertaining to surrounding the heart. Anatomically refers to the tissue membrane that surrounds the heart, called the pericardium.
Epicardium Upon the heart. Anatomically refers to the thin, most superficial tissue layer of the heart.
Myocardial Pertaining to muscle of the heart.
Endocardium Within the heart. Anatomically refers to the thin tissue layer that lines the interior of the heart.
Atrial Pertaining to the atrium. Anatomically the atria are two of the four chambers within the heart.
Ventricular Pertaining to a ventricle. Anatomically the ventricles are two of the four chambers within the heart.
Atrioventricular Pertaining to an atrium and a ventricle.
Aortic Pertaining to the aorta. Anatomically the aorta is the main artery leading from the heart.
Pulmonic Pertaining to the lungs.
Arterial Pertaining to an artery or arteries.
Venous Pertaining to a vein or veins.
Venule A very small vein.
Phlebotomy The cutting of a vein. Clinically refers to puncture of a vein with a needle for the withdrawal of blood.
Phlebitis Inflammation of a vein.
Cardiomyopathy A disease of heart muscle.
Electrocardiogram A recording of electricity of the heart. Clinically referred to as a ECG (EKG -German form). The electrocardiogram is a graphic tracing of the heart's electrical activity.
Echocardiogram A recording of echoes of the heart. Clinically refers to the use of ultrasonic waves to record the anatomy and motion of the heart.
Angiogram A recording of vessels. Clinically refers to a radiographic procedure in which radiopaque dye is injected into the vasculature for better visualization of the vessels.
Intravenous Pertaining to within a vein. Clinically often refers to a route of medication administration.
Perivascular Pertaining to around a vessel.
Bradycardia A condition of a slow heart (i.e. heart rate)
Tachycardia A condition of a rapid heart. (i.e. heart rate)
Systolic Pertaining to contraction. Clinically refers to the phase of cardiac cycle when the myocardium is contracting.
Diastolic Pertaining to expansion. Clinically refers to the phase of the cardiac cycle when the myocardium is relaxed, allowing the chambers to expand.
Asystole Absence of contraction. Clinically refers to the absence of cardiac activity.
Created by: Raevyn1