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Chapter 3

Infection Control. Safety, First Aid, and Personal Wellness

TermDefinition
Reservoir Host cannot become susceptible host ; an individual or animal infected with a pathogenic microbe
Susceptible Host can become reservoir host; someone with decreased ability to resist infection
nosocomial infection infections acquired in a hospital generally within the first 48 hrs
Healthcare Associated Infection (HAI) acquired during healthcare delivery; infection associated with a healthcare facility
6 Isolation Strict, Contact, Acid Fast Bacili, Respiratory, Enteric, Dranage/Secretion
DON gown, mask, gloves
DOF gloves, mask, gown
Universal Precaution treating everything and everyone as infectious
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) gloves, gowns, masks, close toe shoes/nonporous, mouth/nose protection
Chain of infection a series of components or events that lead to an infection: 1) infectious agent 2) reservoir 3) Exit Pathway 4) means of transmission 5) entry pathway 6)susceptible host
biohazard anything harmful or potentially harmful to health
engineering controls devices that isolate or remove a workplace BBP hazard
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) contains general precautionary and emergency information for a hazardous product
Center for Disease Control (CDC) Federal Agency charged with the investigation and control of certain diseases
Environmental Protection Program (EPA) Federal Agency that regulates the disposal of hazardous waste
Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC) Federal Organization tat advises the CDC on nosocomial infection prevention guidelines
fomites inanimate objects that can harbor material containing infectious agents
Hazard Communication Standards (HazCom) OSHA standards requiring employees to maintain documentation on hazardous chemicals
infectious/ causative agent pathogen responsible for causing an infection
isolation procedures procedures that separate patients with certain transmissible infections from others
immune protected from or resistant to a particular disease or infection
Blood Borne Pathogen term applied to infectious microorganisms in blood and other body fluids
parenteral any route other than the digestive tract
pathogenic capable of causing disease
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) federal agency that recommends ways to prevent work-related injury
neutropenic abnormally low neutrophil count
work practice controls practice that alter how tasks are performed to reduce the likelihood of BBP exposure
transmission based precautions precautions that reduce the risk of airborne. droplet, or contact transmission
Standard Precautions precautions to be used in caring for all patients
reverse isolation protects a patient who is highly susceptible to infection
reservoir source of an infectious microorganism
permucosal through mucous membranes
percutaneous through the skin
vector transmission transmission of an infectious agent by insect, arthropod, animal
vehicle transmission transmission of an infectious agent through contaminated food, water, drugs, or blood
droplet transfer of an infectious agent to the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, or conjunctiva of the eyes
airborne sneezing, coughing, talking, and activities that produce aerosols; can remain suspended in the air or in dust particles
direct contact physical transfer; close or intimate contact such as touching or kissing
indirect contact touch of contaminated objects such as bed linens, clothing, dressings, and eating utensils
Class A wood or paper; cool with water or water based solution
Class B flammable liquid; block oxygen source or smother
Class C electrical equipment; extinguish with non-conducting agent
Class D combustible metals; extinguish with dry powder agent or sand
Class K cooking oils; cool and smother with splash prevention
Created by: LaraPacis