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Alphaherpesvirinae

Feline Rhinotracheitis

QuestionAnswer
How can you distinguish this virus from the calicisviruses? Ligual ulcers
Compare the prevelance of antibody in colony cats vs. household cats. over 70% to less than 50%
How is the virus transmitted and are recovered cats carriers? Ocular, nasal, and oral secretions; yes, they carry it for some time and shed it to other cats
Where does replication occur? Mucosae of the nasal septum, turbinates, nasopharynx, and tonsils
What are clinical features of kittens under 4 weeks? extensive rhinotracheitis and bronchopneumonia from a secondary bacterial infection
What are clinical features of neonates? fever, sneezing, profuse serous nasal and occular discharge, anorexia, weight loss, and profuse frothy salivation// keratitis with punctate corneal ulcers (rare)
What clinical signs are seen in kittens older than 6 months? subclinical disease
What clinical sign is seen in pregnant queens? ABORTION about the 6th week of pregnancy but it is from the effects of the respiratory disease and not the direct effect of the virus on the fetus
What is seen pathologically with this virus? necrosis of epithelia of the nasal cavity
What is a diagnostic tool you can use to check for ulcers in the eye? Flourosein dye
How can you tell the difference between rhinotracheitis, calicivirus, and pneumonitis? Rhinotracheitis = keratitis/ Calicivirus = ulcers of the tongue/ Pneumonitis = Conjunctivitis
How can this virus be controlled? a genetically engineered vaccine
Created by: lkollmeier