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Postpartum care

304.4 Vet nursing Postpartum and neonatal care

Good postpartum care of the bitch Clean whelping box, Clean and fresh bedding, Bitch bathed-pay attention to perineum, Dont seperate from puppies
Why might the bitch have an upset stomach? Eating the afterbirth
How should the bitch be fed after birth? Small amounts 5-6 times a day, Hogh quality puppy food
What should be looked out for with a bitch who has just given birth? Weight loss, loss of condition, eclampsia
What is eclampsia? Hypocalcemia (tremours, nausea, lethargy)
What hormone causes the mammary glands to swell in late pregnancy? Progesterone
What hormones cause the production and let-down of milk? Prolactin and oxytocin
What is colostrum? First milk produced after birth. Thicker and yellow
Why is colostrum useful? Antibodies from mother and high in nutrients
Components of milk? 70-90% water, 30% fat, 15% protein, 3-7% carbs, Vits and minerals
When is the neonate stage of the newborn? From birth to 2 weeks
How can you tell if the neonate is healthy? Active, noisy, Rounded and full abdomen, Warm, Elastic skin, Feeds every 2-3hrs, Enthusiastic feeding, Weight gain (5-10% every day), Double weight by day 12.
When should the neonate start to lift its head? Day 3
When should the neonate start to crawl? Day 7
When should the neonate open its eyes? day 10-14
When should the neonate open its ears? Day14-16
What an the neonate not regulate on their own? Body temp, fluid and energy levels
What temp should the neonate be kept at for the first 24hrs? 30-33oC
What temp should the neonate be kept at for days 2-5? 26-30oC
What are the dangers of hypothermia? Slow gut mobility, bloated abdomen, poor respiration, poor suckling, increased rate of bacterial infection
How long do the antibodies from colostrum protect the newborn? Up until 8 weeks old
What should not be used to hand-rear newborns? Goats milk, cows milk, condensed milk
Created by: 18000305