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Nervous System

302.3 Vet nursing The Nervous System

Specialised cells making up the nervous system Neurons
2 components of the nervous system Central nervous system, Peripheral nervous system
What is the central nervous system? Brain and spinal cord
What is the peripheral nervous system? Nerves coming off the CNS
Junction between neurons Synapses
3 components of a neuron Cell body, Dendrites and dendrons, Axon
2 types of axon Myelinated or non-myelinated
Chemicals needed to cross synapse Neurotransmitter
Most common neurotransmitter Acetylcholine
Ion needed for effective transmission across the synapse Calcium
3 sections of the brain Forebrain, Midbrain, Hindbrain
2 sections of the forebrain Cerebrum, Diencephalon (Thalamus, hypothalamus and pit)
3 sections of the hindbrain? Cerebellum, pons, medulla oblongata
Tract of white matter joining both sides of the cerebrum Corpus callosum
the cerebral cortex is responsible for Communication, Movement, Sensory processing, Learning and memory
Function of the cerebellum Balance and coordination
Function of the pons Respiration
Function of the medulla Blood pressure, respiration
3 layers of meninges Dura, Arachnoid, Pia matter
2 kinds of neurons in the peripheral nervous system Sensory and motor
Acronym for the cranial nerve function Some Say Marry Money But My Mother Says Big Brains Matter Most
Created by: 18000305