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302.3 Vet nursing joints

what are joints? junctions between bones
are all joints movable? no
which technical terms refer to joints? arthro and articular
3 classifications of joints fibrous (immovable), cartilaginous (little movement), synovial (wide range of movement)
what is the purpose of synovial fluid? lubrication, nutrition for articular cartilage
what are ligaments? bands of fibrous connective tissue. join bone to bone
why do some synovial joints have thickened ligaments? stabilisation
what are these thick ligaments called? collateral ligaments
the stifle joint has 2 crossed ligaments, what are these called? cranial and caudal cruciate ligaments
Some synovial joints contain what within the joint cavity? intraarticular fibrocartilaginous discs or menisci
where are menisci found? stifle joint and temperomandibular joint
what is the menisci for? increase the range of movement of a joint and act as shock absorbers
what is a plane/gliding joint? (example) sliding of one bone surface over another. (between rows of carpal and tarsal bones)
what is a hinge joint? (example) movement in one plane only (elbow, stifle)
what is a pivot joint? (example) peg within a ring, rotation (between atlas and axis vertebrae)
what is a condylar joint? (example) convex surface in corresponding concave surface, movement in 2 planes (hock and tarsus)
what is a ball and socket joint? (example) allows a great range of movement (hip, shoulder)
Created by: 18000305



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