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Bacteria

QuestionAnswer
What are some features of Bacillus? Gram + rods, facultative anaerobes, catalase +, endospore forming saprophyte
What are the 2 important species of Bacillus? B. cereus- acute mastitis, food poisoning B. anthracis- anthrax
What are some features of Clostridium? Gram + rods, strict anaerobes, catalase -, endospore forming saprophyte and gut commensal
What are some important species of Clostridium? C. tetani- tetanus C. botulinum- botulism
What are some features of Campylobacter and Lawsonia? Gram - rods that are vibrious, aerobes or microaerophilic, flagella, obligate parasites in GIT
What are some important Campylobacter and Lawsonia? C. jejuni- enteritis C. fetus subsp. veneralis L. intracellularis- proliferative enteritis in pigs
What are some features of Spirochaetales? Gram -, slender, flexible and helical, anaerobes, microaerophilic or aerobes
What are the 4 pathogenic genera of Spirochaetales? Brachyspira, Borrelia, Leptospira, Treponema
What are some features of Enterobacteriaceae? Gram - rods, facultative anaerobes, oxidase -, common to have antimicrobial resistance
What are some of the important genera of Enterobacteriaceae? Escherichia, Klebsiella, Salmonella, Proteus, Yersinia
What are some features of Proteus? Gram- rods, oxidase -, non-lactose fermenter, very motile, opportunistic pathogen
What are some features of Yersinia? Gram - rods, oxidase -, non-motile, maintained in carriers
What are the 4 pathogenic species of Yersinia? Y. pestis- bubonic plague Y. pseudotuberculosis Y. enterocolitica Y. yuckeri- enteric redmouth in fish
What are some features of Listeria? Gram + rods, widely distributed in nature and wide temp range, motile, facultative intracellular parasite
What is the most significant Listeria pathogen? L. monocytogenes- facultative anaerobe, catalase +
What are some features of Erysipelothrix? Gram+ rods, non-motile
What is the most important Erysipelothrix pathogen? E. rhusiopathiae- facultative anaerobes, catalase -
What are some features of Mycobacterium? Gram +, slender rods, strict aerobes, catalase +
What are some important Mycobacterium? M. bovis- TB in cattle M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis- Johne's disease M. leprae- leprosy in humans
What are some features of Nocardia? Gram + branching rods, opportunistic pathogen
What is the most important Nocardia pathogen? N. asteroides- strict aerobe, catalase +
What are some features of Dermatophilus? Gram + rods, skin disease, strict aerobe, cellular life cycle
What is the most important Dermatophilus pathogen? D. congolensis
What are some features of Mycoplasma? No cell wall therefore no gram stain, pleomorphic, facultative anaerobes, SLOW growth
What are some features of Pasteurellaceae? Gram - rods or coccobacilli, facultative anaerobes, non motile
What are some features of Moraxella? Gram - rods, obligate aerobe, non motile, oxidase +
What are some important Moraxella pathogens? M. bovis- pinkeye in cattle M. ovis- pinkeye in sheep etc
What are some features of Brucella? Gram - coccobacilli, strict aerobe, non motile, oxidase +
What are some features of Pseudomonas and Burkholderia? Gram - rods, oxidase +, strict aerobes, motile, odour
What are some features of Chlamydiales? Gram -, obligate intracellular, no peptidoglycan cell wall
What are some features of Actinomycetales? Gram + rods, aerobes and anaerobes, saprophyte
What are some features of Rhodococcus? What is the only significant pathogen? Gram + rods, mostly harmless, only significant pathogen R. equi- rattles in horses
What are some features of Corynebacterium? Gram + small rod, aerobic or facultative anaerobe, catalse +
What are some features of Staphylococcus? Produce catalase, commensals, gram +, facultative anaerobes
What are some significant staphs? S. aureus S. epidermidis- skin commensal S. saprophyticus- UTI
What are some features of Streptococcus? Gram + cocci, facultative anaerobes, catalase -
What are some significant streps? S. equi subsp equi- strangles in horses S. agalacitae- bovine mastitis
Created by: tazza261