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QuestionAnswer
Dopamine D1 Renal, Mesenteric, Coronary
Dopamine B1 Heart
Dopamine A1 Blood vessels
Methoxamine A1 Agonist,Blood vessels
Metariminol A1 Agonist,Blood vessels
Mephentermine A1 Agonist
Phenylephrine A1 Agonist,Blood vessels
Clonidine A2 Agonist.Cardiovascular
Apraclonidine A2 Agonist,Eye
Xylazine A2 Agonist,Anesthesia
Detomidine A2 Agonist,Anesthesia
Methyl Dopa A2 Agonist,Cardiovascular
Isoproternol B1+B2 Agonist,Heart
Dobutamine B1 Agonist,Heart
Metaproterenol B2 Agonist,Bronchodilator
Terbutaline B2 Agonist,Bronchodilator
Albuterol B2 Agonist,Bronchodilator
Salbutamol B2 Agonist,Bronchodilator
Ritodrine B2 Agonist,Uterine relaxant
Amphetamine A + B,CNS stimulator
Ephedrine A + B
Phenoxybenzamine A - NS Blocker Blood vessels
Phentolamine A - NS Blocker
Tolazoline A - NS? Blocker
Ergot Alkaloids A - NS,A,Blocker Receptor,Uterus
Prazosin A1,Antagonist
Yohimbine A2,Selective Blocker Antagonist
Propranol B - NS Blocker
Timolol B - NS Blocker
Pindolol B - NS Blocker
Atenolol B1 Blocker
Dopamine Increase GFR,Increase renal blood flow,Increase NA+ excretion,+ve inotropic effect,decreases tachycardia,Vasoconstriction
Methoxamine Raises blood pressure - vasoconstriction,Used in anesthesia when there is hypotension
Metariminol Vasoconstrictor - treats hypotension
Mephentermine Prevents hypotension during spinal anesthesia
Phenylephrine Nasal decongestant,Mydriatic - causes dilation of pupil,Can be used in glaucoma/vasopressor agent
Clonidine Suppresses sympathetic outflow from brain,Modulates perception of pain,Does not decrease Renal GFR or blood flow
Apraclonidine Reduces intraocular pressure by reducing aqeous humour production"
Xylazine Sedation, anesthesia, muscle relaxation and analgesia
Detomidine Sedative with analgesic properties - in horses,Commonly combined with butorphanol
Methyl Dopa Anti-hypertensive agent,Similar to clonidine - lowers blood pressure
Isoproternol B1 Inotropic agent - increases heart contract,heart rate and cardiac output
Dobutamine B1 - +ve inotropic action - cardio sselective,Increase myocardial contraction
Metaproterenol Dilation of bronchioles - improves airway function
Terbutaline Long term treatment of obstructive airway disease
Albuterol Bronchiodilator
Salbutamol Bronchiodilator,12 hour action but slow onset - inhaled
Ritodrine Uterine relaxant - IV - arrests premature labour
Amphetamine Peripheral A + B actions mediated through release of stored catecholamines
Ephedrine Bronchodilator,Hypotension (spinal),nasal decongestant, myaesthenia gravis
Phenoxybenzamine Peripheral vasoconstriction-reflex tachycardia,Epinephrine reversal,Increase cardiac output-blocks A2 receptor,Management of prostratic obstruction(benign)
Phentolamine used in Pheochromocytoma,Relieves pseudo-obstruction of bowel,Prevents dermal necrosis (a-agonist removal)
Tolazoline Periperal pulmonary hypertension in newborns,Aid visualize peripheral vessels - arteriography
Ergot Alkaloids Stimulates contraction of uterus post-partum,Relieves migraines
Prazosin Relex tachycardia less prominent than when using NS A-Blockers,Hypertension, benign prostrate hypertrophy
Yohimbine Selectively blocks A2 receptors,Facilitates release of norepinephrine,Pheochromocytoma - diagnosis
Propranol -ve inotropic/chronotropic effects,peripheral vasoconstriction, bronchconstriction,Inc. NA+ retention, dec. glucose metabolism
Timolol
Pindolol
Atenolol
Pentamethonium Depolarizing Blocker,Muscle relaxation for surgery,Endotracheal intubation,Controlled ventilation,Relieve spasm of the larynx,Balanced anaesthesia,Immobilize wild animals
Hexamethonium Depolarizing Blocker,Muscle relaxation for surgery,Endotracheal intubation,Controlled ventilation,Relieve spasm of the larynx,Balanced anaesthesia,Immobilize wild animals
Succinylcholine Depolarizing Blocker,Muscle relaxation for surgery,Endotracheal intubation,Controlled ventilation,Relieve spasm of the larynx,Balanced anaesthesia,Immobilize wild animals
Decamethonium Depolarizing Blocker,Muscle relaxation for surgery,Endotracheal intubation,Controlled ventilation,Relieve spasm of the larynx,Balanced anaesthesia,Immobilize wild animals
d-tubocurarine Non-depolarizing blocker,Highly ionized,Limited lipid solubility - BBB
Metocurine Non-depolarizing blocker,Iodine dimethyl-tubocurarine
Gallamine Non-depolarizing blocker,Similar to dTc
Pancuronium Non-depolarizing blocker
Atracurium Non-depolarizing blocker,Used in liver + renal problems
Vecuronium Non-depolarizing blocker,Similar to pancuronium,Can be used in renal
Alcuronium Non-depolarizing blocker
Guaifenesin Glyceryl guaiacolate Muscle relaxant,Acts on intranuncial neurons,Blocks CNS/Reticular system
Mephenesin Muscle relaxant
Methocarbomol Muscle relaxant,Reduces muscular spasm,Reduces pain with anti-inflamm
Diazepam Muscle relaxant
Dantrolene Muscle relaxant,Decrease Ca+ release from the Sarcoplasmic reticulum
Created by: alljacks