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Clinical Procedures2

Bandaging

QuestionAnswer
What are the two main reasons bandages are applied? cover soft tissue wounds and to stabilize a fracture
What are the three layers to a bandage? primary, secondary, tertiary
What are some examples of the primary layer? telfa pad, wet to dry gauze, dry to dry gauze, hydrogels, hydrocolloids, polyurethane film or foam, tegaderm, adaptic
What is the difference between an adherent primary layer and a nonadherent primary layer? adherent primary helps with debridement of wounds while nonadherent primary is used when there is granulation tissue already forming
What is the main purpose of the secondary layer of a bandage? absorbs and holds exudate and provides some immobilization and support
What is the main purpose of the tertiary layer of a bandage? it is the outer, protective layer that keeps the other layers in place and is the layer that exerts the most pressure on the leg
What are examples of secondary layers of a bandage? roll cotton or cast padding
What are examples of tertiary layers of a bandage? vetrap, elastikon
What is the purpose for using a wet to dry bandage? helps debride a wound, the moisture helps to dilute exudate and debris on the wound, and wicks it out to the dry gauze. Once the wet gauze dries it sticks to the wound and the bandage is changed and pulls off debris and dead skin
Which layer do we watch for strike-through? tertiary-bandage has to be changed if this is seen
What direction should you put a bandage on an appendage? distal to proximal
Which toes should we be able to see after putting a modified Robert jones on? 3 & 4
What are the first two pieces of tape called on a bandage? stirrups
Distal limb bandages are not appropriate for fractures above the ___________ or the ___________. elbow stifle
What is the difference in a Robert Jones bandage and a modified Robert Jones? RJ has more padding
The prefabricated splints that we have in our program are called what? spoon splints
On what sides of the limb are the stirrups placed? medial and lateral
In what situations are spica splints used? forelimb or pelvic limb with the limb extended, splint is on the lateral aspect of limb and curves over shoulder or pelvis; used mostly for dislocated elbows once they have been replaced to keep joint stable
Which sling is used when an animal has luxated hip replaced? ehmer sling
Is the Velpeau sling used on the forelimb or pelvic limb? forelimb
What does the Velpeau sling do? keeps the leg in a non-weight bearing position to immobilize all of the joints of the leg; used most often for when the shoulder joint has been replaced after luxating
What can be used on the tip of a tail as part of a bandage? syringe case
How can you tell if the bandage is too tight by looking at the toes? If the bandage is too tight the toes will separate from each other, change colors, and if the bandage is wet at the toes from the animal licking or chewing at it.
What are some indications that a bandage is too tight or has slipped? foul odor, increased lameness, biting at the limb
A cast is split on the ______________ and ________________ surfaces to prevent injury to flexor and extensor tendons with the cast saw. medial lateral
Created by: spoitevint
 

 



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