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Animal Behavior

Ethology The study of animal behavior
Stimulus-Response Theory A psychological theory that holds that all complex forms (thoughts, emotions, habits) of behavior are muscular and glandular responses
Classical conditioning The association of stimuli that occurs at approximately the same time or in roughly the same area (Pavlov’s dogs)
Operant conditioning The association of an activity with punishment or reward.
Operant Functioning or tending to produce effects
Sensitive period The very crucial time period when a young animal imprints to its parents and surroundings
Imprinting A rapid learning process that enables the very young to recognize and bond with their caretaker
Canine Socialization Period 4-14 weeks, dogs must experience as much of the world as possible
First fear period (canine) 8-10 weeks, puppies can be permanently and psychologically damaged from pain or adverse punishment
Negative punishment Removing a desirable occurrence to decrease a behavior (ex: withholding food from begging dog)
Positive punishment Adding an undesirable occurrence to decrease a behavior (ex: shock collar)
Negative reinforcement Any immediate unpleasant occurrence used to create a desired behavior (ex: electric fence)
Positive reinforcement Any immediate pleasant occurrence that follows a good behavior to reinforce it (ex: awarding treats), must occur within 20 seconds of behavior
Pain-induced aggression Defensive aggression triggered by pain
Fear-induced aggression Accompanied by fear, often when escape is not possible, may be associated with previous unpleasant experiences
Canine Separation Anxiety Anxiety felt when separated from owner, signs include: excessive vocalization, destructive behavior, inappropriate elimination, anorexia, hyperactivity, inactivity, vomiting, diarrhea
Conflict-related aggression Occurs when an animal is exposed to an uncomfortable or uncertain stimulus or conflict, learns that aggression will help it avoid the conflict
Avoidance conditioning Learning that aggression will help avoid a conflict
Feline socialization period 2-8 weeks old, kittens need to interact with surroundings to avoid fearful situations later in life
Predatory aggression From hunting instinct, quick and unpredictable
Inter-male aggression Elements of competitive, territorial, and sexual aggression
Territorial aggression Aggressive tendencies related to territory, defense of an area
Created by: juliaportella