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Skeleton - Limbs

302.3 Vet nursing The skeletal system-fore and hindlimbs

Name for the collar bone Clavicle
Which small animal does not have a clavicle? Dogs
Another name for the shoulder blade Scapula
What shape of bone is the scapula? Flat
What are the two regions on the lateral side of the scapula, divided by the spine? Supraspinous fossa and infraspinous fossa
Boney projection on the distal end of the scapula Acromion
Shallow socket on the distal end of the scapula Glenoid cavity
What joint does the glenoid cavity form with the humerous? Shoulder joint
What is the humerous? The long bone of the upper arm
The proximal end of the humerus, ball of the shoulder joint Head
Prominences on either side of the humerus head Tubercles
Tubercle on the medial side of the humerus Lesser tubercle
Tubercle on the lateral side of the humerus Greater tubercle
The distal end of the humerus Condyle
Prominence on the medial side of the condyle of the humerus Medial epicondyle
Prominence on the lateral side of the condyle of the humerus Lateral epicondyle
Deep hollow in the condyle of the humerus Olecranon fossa
Hole in the olecranon fossa of the humerus Supratrochlear foramen
Of the radius and ulna, which is longer? Ulna
Projection on the proximal end of the ulna? Olecranon
The olecranon forms the point of which joint? Elbow
The tendon of which muscle attaches to the olecranon? Triceps brachii
Name of the notch on the ulna where the humerus sits Trochlear notch
The distal end of the ulna is called? Lateral styloid process
Projection at the top of the trochlear notch on the ulna? Anconeal process
Scientific name for the forearm between the elbow and the wrist Antebrachium
Which is the main weight bearing bone of the radius and ulna? Radius
Pointed process at the distal end of the radius Styloid process
The styloid process articulates as which joint? Carpal joint (wrist)
How many carpal bones make up the carpus? 7
What shape of bones are the carpal bones? Short
How many rows are the carpal bones split in to? 2
The three bones in the proximal row of the carpus Radial, ulnar and accessory carpal bones
Where is the accessory carpal bone? Behind the wrist on the lateral side of the carpus
How many metacarpals are in a dog foot? 5
What structure does metacarpal 1 form? Dew claw
Is metacarpal 1 medial or lateral? Medial
The metacarpals articulate with which joint proximally? Metacarpal joint
The metacarpals articulate with which joint distally? Metacarpophalangeal joint
Each digit is made up of three bones called? Phalanges
What shape of bone are phalanges? Long
Each digit has 3 phalanges except for which digit? Dew claw, digit 1
The distal phalanges ends in what process? Ungual process
What does the ungual process form part of? The claw
The hindlimb is directly connected to the axial skeleton through which joint? Sacroiliac joint
The two halves of the pelvis are joined by what? Pelvic symphysis
The sacroiliac joint joins which bones? Pelvis and sacrum of the spine
The three parts of the pelvis? Ischium, Ilium, Pubis
Which of the three bones of the pelvis is the largest? Ilium
Name of the joint socket of the hip? Acetabulum
The head of which bone sits in the acetabulum? Femur
The two large holes in the side of the pelvis Obturator foramina
What is the obturator foramina for? Lighten pelvis and attach muscles and ligaments
2 projections on either side of the head of the femur? Greater and lesser trochanter
Which trochanter is on the lateral side? Greater trochanter
What are these trochanters for? Muscle attachment for the thigh and hip
2 projections on either side of the distal femur? Medial and lateral condyle
Name of the groove where the patella sits? Trochlea groove
Other name of the patella? Knee cap
The patella is found within the tendon of what muscle? Quadriceps femoris
Two small sesamoid bones found behind the stifle? Fabellae
In what muscle do the fabellae sit? Gastrocnemius
What is patella luxation? When the patella doesnt sit in the trochlae groove properly and slips out
The 2 long bones that form the lower leg? Tibia and fibula
Which of the 2 lower leg bones is the larger? Tibia
Which of the lower leg bones is more lateral? Fibula
Prominence on the dorsal surface of the proximal tibia? Tibial crest
Which muscle attaches to the tibial crest? Quadriceps femoris
Bone protrusions on the distal end of the tibia and fibula? Medial and lateral malleolus
What shape are the 7 tarsus bones? Short
2 tarsus bones in the proximal row? Talus and calcaneous
Large caudal projection of the calcaneous bone? Tuber calcis/ calcaneal tuberosity
How many digits are usually found on the hindlimb of the dog and cat? 4
How are digits usually numbered? From medial to lateral
Created by: 18000305



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