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Ace ReviewQuestion12

Ace Chapter 15,16 Review Questions

QuestionAnswer
Which of the following would be contraindicated for a client who has an acute hamstring strain? Stretching the hamstrings for up to 60 seconds per stretch
where is scapular plane? 30 degrees anterior to the frontal plane
An inflammation of the the wrist extensors near their origin is commonly referred to as ___. Tennis elbow
Which nerve is commonly compressed due to carpal tunnel syndrome? Median Nerve
Clients returning to exercise following greater trochanteric busitis should generally avoid ___. Side-lying exercise positions that compress the lateral hip.
When working with a client who has a history of iliotibial (IT) band syndrome, which muscle group acting on the hip joint is MOST likely to be weak? Hip abductors
Tightness in which of the following structures can be a cause of patellofemoral pain syndrome due to its lateral fascial connections to the patella? IT band complex
Stretching which muscles has been shown to help relieve symptoms associated with medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) and/or anterior shin splints? Soleus and anterior compartment of the lower leg
What exercises would be mOST important to include for a client who has recovered from Achilles tendinitis and wants to prevent it from returning? Eccentric strengthening for the calf complex through controlled dorsiflexion against gravity and stretching the calf muscles
When working with a client who has a history of plantar fasciitis, it would be MOST important to include stretching exercises for the ___. Gastrocnemius, soleus, and plantar fascia
For proper shoe fit, how much space should be given between the shoe and the end of the longest toe? Width of the index finger
What is the MOST important step a fitness facility can take to minimize cardiovascular events? Having each member complete a medical history form
Which of the following CORRECTLY describes the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996? It ensures individual privacy by requiring confidentiality of health documents
What should you do FIRST with a person who suddenly falls to the floor while exercising? Assess if the person is conscious and ask if he or she is okay
What is the PRIMARY reason people give for not attempting CPR in a cardiac emergency? Uncertainty about their ability to perform CPR correctly
What is the MOST common hearth rhythm during cardiac arrest? Ventricular fibrillation
A heart attack is characterized by which of the following signs and symptoms? A squeezing pressure in the chest that can be mistaken for heartburn
How is a transient ischemic attack (TIA) different from a stroke? Signs of TIA last less than one hour
Which of the following are actions to take when you suspect a client is having a mild hypoglycemic incident? Help the client sit down and give him or her a sugary drink if he can swallow
Which of the following is a critical indicator that someone is suffering from heat stroke and in need of emergency treatment? Altered mental status
Which treatment of soft-tissue injuries is within the personal trainer scope of practice? Educating the client on the proper administration of ice using the RICE priniciple
Which of the region of the spine is the most prone to catastrophic injury? Cervical
The most commonly reported knee injury involves damage to the __________. Menisci
What type of injury can be classified as longitudinal, oblique, transverse, or compression? Stress fractures
What is the first phase of healing after an injury occurs? Inflammation phase
Which of the following is a contraindication to stretching ? Joint hypermobility
Lateral epicondylitis is commonly known as __________. Tennis elbow
A client complains of pain in the wrist during sleep and numbness and loss of grip strength during exercise. What injury is the MOST likely cause of these symptoms? Caral tunnel syndrome
A client comes to you with recommendations from her doctor regarding exercise with greater trochanteric bursitis. One of the focuses or her training should be strengthening which of the following muscle groups? Gluteals
Which of the following injuries is primarily caused by training errors among athletes? Iliotibial band syndrome
A client reports feeling terrible pain in the heel during his first few steps each morning, which then dissipates as he walks around the house. What is the MOST likely cause of this pain? Plantar fasciitis
When programming exercise for a client who is recovering from a lateral ankle sprain, it is important to begin with side-to-side motions before progressing to straight-plane and then multidirectional motions. False