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Ace ReviewQuestions2

Ace Chapter 2,3,4 Review Questions

Adherence is defined as the psychological drive that gives behavior direction and purpose. false
More than ____% of people who start a new program will drop out within the first six months. 50
Which of the following is NOT one of the three primary categories of potential determinants for physical activity? Physical attributes
General trends reveal that members of which of the following populations are MOST LIKELY to be performing higher levels of physical activity in unsupervised settings? Men
What is arguably the most important and influential personal attribute variable when predicting adherence to physical activity? Activity History
________________ is the most common excuse for not exercising and for dropping out of an exercise program. Perceived lack of time
Which of the following individuals is MOST LIKELY to adhere to a supervised physical-activity program? A middle-aged man who has prehypertension but believes he has personal control over his health
Which of the following terms is defined as the belief in one's own capabilities to successfully engage in a behavior? Self-Efficacy
When developing SMART goals, which of the following types of goals should be AVOIDED? Negative Goals
What is the most important tool when dealing with a client who is at risk for relapse? Planning ahead and being prepared
Which of the following presents the four stages of the client-trainer relationship in their proper order? Rapport, investigation, planning, action
A loud, tense voice communicates confidence and professionalism when speaking to a new client. False
Which of the following body positions may be interpreted by a client as aggressiveness on the part of the trainer? Standing with hands on hips
Approximately what percent of the US population meets both aerobic activity and muscle strengthening guidelines? 20%
Which of the following goals BEST represents the statement "I want to bicep curl 10lb dumbells for 10 repetitions by April"? Product goal
A personal trainer who is seeking clarification from a client by trying to restate the main points and feelings in a client's communication is using which method of effective listening? Relfecting
"I will perform a full-body resistance-training workout twice every week" is an example of which type of goal? Process goal
Motivational interviewing is most commonly done during which stage of the client-trainer relationship? Planning
The three components of properly phrased feedback are BEST presented in what order? Provide reinforcement for what was done well; correct errors; motivate clients to continue practicing and improving
Clients who are beginning the basics of a particular movement and are ready for specific feedback are in which stage of motor learning? Associative
Which behavioral theory model is based on a prediction that people engage in a health behavior depending on the perceived threat they feel regarding a health problem? Health belief model
What is the most influential source of self-efficacy information? Past performance experience
People with low self-efficacy are more likely to choose non-challenging tasks that are easy to accomplish. True
A prospective client tells you that he has been going for 2-mile walks a couple of times each week for the past two months, and that he joined the gym because he is finally ready to adopt a more structured workout regimen. What is this individual's stage Preparation
Which of the following intervention strategies would be LEAST APPROPRIATE when working with someone in the precontemplation stage? Introduce different types of exercise activities to find something the individual enjoys
________________ involves the number of pros and cons perceived about adopting and/or maintaining an activity program. Decisional balance
Which of the following occurs when a positive stimulus that once followed a behavior is removed and the likelihood that the behavior will reoccur is decreased? Extinction
A client leaves a gym bag on the front seat of his car each morning as a reminder to work out on his way home from work. What behavior-change strategy is he using? Stimulus control
When should behavior contracts and written agreements be revised or updated? When goals are met or programs are modified
After several months of working with a client, a personal trainer notes that the client's self-efficacy and ability levels have improved. How should this affect the amount of external feedback the trainer provides to the client? The trainer should taper the amount of external feedback