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Basic AP Vet

Basic A and P for Vet Techs

This term is used for something you *can't* see with the naked eye. Microscopic
This term is used for something that you can see *with* the naked eye. Macroscopic
Another term for macroscopic anatomy is... Gross Anatomy
What is the form and structure of the body and it's parts? Anatomy
What is the term for how the body moves or what it does? Physiology
What is the term for the left and the right halves of an animal's body that are essentially mirrored images? Bilateral Symmetry
What lines the abdominal cavity? Peritoneum
What covers the abdominal organs? Visceral
What is the layer that lines the entire cavity? Parietal
What is it called when a wound penetrates the abdomen from the outside and ruptures the GI tract? Peritonitis
These are the basic functional units of an animal's life and can live, eat, eliminate waste, and divide? Cells
Specialized cells grouped together to form what? Tissue
How many basic tissues is the entire body made up of? Four (4)
What are the four (4) basic tissues the body is made up of? Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, and Nervous
What are the three (3) types of muscles found in the body? Skeletal, Cardiac, and Smooth
What is the job of the Skeletal Muscles? They move bones.
What is the job of the Cardiac Muscles? Makes up the heart.
What are the Smooth Muscles found? Found in the internal organs.
Can you control the Skeletal Muscles? Yes.
Can you control the Cardiac Muscles? No.
Can you control the Smooth Muscles? No.
The state of normal anatomy and physiology is called? Health
Anything that brings the organism AWAY from the state of health is called? Disease
The tendency of biological systems to maintain stability while continually adjusting to conditions that are optimal for survival is called? Homeostasis
This is the most complex level of body organization. A system.
The levels of organization from least to greatest is the following: Cells > Tissues > Organs > Systems
The Epithelial tissues cover what? Skin
The Connective tissues cover what? Bone and Cartilage
The Muscle tissue does what? Moves the body inside and out.
The Nervous tissue does what? Transmits information about the body and controls bodily functions.
What is the Pleura? A thin membrane covering organs in the THORACIC cavity AND the cavity itself. It lies on top of the visceral layer.
What is the Visceral layer of pleura? A membrane that covers the organs lies right on top.
What is the Parietal lay of pleura? Membrane that covers the WHOLE THORACIC cavity.
What is the condition where the pleural surfaces becomes rough from inflammation? Pleurisy
This is a large cavity that contains viscera (major soft organs), is divided into the THORAX and ABDOMEN, and the diaphragm is the dividing line. Ventral Cavity
Left means? Animal's left.
Right means? Animals' right.
Cranial means? Towards the head.
Caudal means? Towards the tail.
Dorsal means? Towards the back.
Ventral means? Towards the belly.
Palmar mean? Bottom or back of the front foot, weight bearing surface of the front foot. (Palm) (FRONT FEET)
Planter means? Bottom of back of the back foot, weight bearing on the surface of the back foot. (BACK FEET)
What single structures (organs) are generally found near the center of the body (near the MEDIAN PLANE) are? liver, heart, spine
The animal body has two main cavities, what are they? Smaller dorsal cavity and the larger ventral cavity.
What does the dorsal cavity contain? Brain and Spinal Cord
What does the cranial cavity contain? Cranium which protects the brain.
What does the spinal cavity contain? Spinal canal; spine
What is Regional Anatomy? The study of the areas of the body, including everything that is located in that area. (Legs, arms, etc.)
What is Systematic Anatomy? The study of specific systems of the body. (Lungs, heart, etc.)
What are the eleven (11) Main Body Systems? Skeletal, Integument, Nervous, Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Digestive, Muscular, Sensory, Endocrine, Urinary, and Reproductive
The Sagittal plane runs which way? Up and Down
The Midsagittal (Median) plane is what? A specific sagittal plane that runs down the CENTER of the body, lengthwise, dividing it into equal parts. It is parallel to the sagittal plane which may not create equal halves.
This plane runs across the body (with animals, vertically when looking from the side.) that divided it into cranial and caudal parts that are non necessarily equal? Transverse Plane
This plane divides the body lengthwise into the top (back of animal)? Dorsal Plane
Created by: rlayna



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