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Anatomy & Physiology

BONES

QuestionAnswer
THE TWO LARGE BONES THAT FORM THE STIFLE JOINT ARE THE ________________ AND _________________________. FEMUR, TIBIA
On equines the two metacarpals, II & IV, are also called what? splint bones
In the area of the sacrum, what joint is formed there? sacroiliac
The transverse process points which way? laterally
The spinous process points which way? dorsally
the three parts of the breastbone are what? manubrium, body, xiphoid
The carpus in the horse is also called what? knee
The fetlock joint is formed by what two bones? P1 and cannon
Where is the navicular bone found? palmar or plantar surface of the coffin bone
What bones are included in the axial skeleton? skull, vertebrae, hyoid bones, ribs, sternum
The atlas is also known as C1
The bones of the ear are what? malleus, incus, stapes
What bones are found within the nasal cavity? turbinates
What are the five areas of the spine? cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, coccygeal
Where is the foramen magnum found? caudal part of skull
Synovial joints have what kind of fluid in them? synovial
A suture joint is also called a _________________________ what joint? amphiarthosis
The mandibular symphysis is what kind of joint? amphiarthrosis
An os penis is found where? bone found in a male dogs penis
Define ossification. hardening of the matrix of bone
What is a foramen? hole in bone
Where is the periosteum found? on the outer surface of bones
Define osteoblasts. cells that form bone
Hematopoiesis is found within the _______________________. marrow of bones
Define compact bone. heavy, dense bone that makes up the shafts of long bones and the outside layer of all bones
The small holes found in long bones that carry blood and nerves to the marrow is called what? nutrient foramina
The end of a bone is called what? epiphysis
Yellow bone marrow is mostly what? fat, adipose tissue
Define epiphyseal plate. The growth plate of a bone that ossifies when it completes growing.
What is the vertebral formula of a dog and cat? C7, T13, L7, S3, C##
The common names for the three bones of the ear are what? stirrup, anvil, hammer
Created by: spoitevint