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Ch. 1 Ready, Set, Go

Veterinary Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
Pre- before or preceding
Peri- around
Post- after
-scope an instrument used to examine
Arthoscope an instrument used to examine the joint
-itis an inflammation
Gastritis inflammation of the stomach
Gastr/o- stomach
Enter/o- small intestine
Gastroenteritis inflammation of the stomach and small intestine
A- / An- no
Ab- away from
Ad- towards
Anti- against
Dys- difficult, painful, or bad
Eu- good, easy, normal
Endo- within or inside
Ex- / Exo- / Ecto- without, out of, outside, away from
Hyper- elevated, higher, more than normal
Hypo- depressed, lower, less than normal
Inter- between
Intra- within
Poly- many, or excessive
Oligo- scant, or little
Sub- below, under, less
Super- / Supra- above, beyond, excessive
Pan- all
Leuk/o- white
-penia deficiency, or reduction in number
Panleukopenia deficiency in all types of white blood cells
Atraumatic without injury
Anuria absence of urine
Abduction to take away from the midline
Adduction to move towards the midline
Antiemetics preventing vomiting
Dysphagia difficulty eating or swallowing
Euthyroid having a normally functioning thyroid gland
Endocrine to secrete internally
Exocrine to secrete externally (via a duct)
Endoparasite an organism that lives within the body of the host
Ectoparasite an organism that lives on the outer surface of the host
Hyperglycemia elevated amounts of blood glucose
Hypoglycemia depressed amounts of blood glucose
Intercostal between the ribs
Intramuscular within the muscle
Polyuria excessive amounts of urine
Oliguria scant amounts of urine
Preanesthetic pertaining to before anesthesia
Postanesthesia pertaining to after anesthesia
Sublingual below or under the tongue
Supernumeracy more than the regular number
Suprascapular above the shoulder blade
-tomy cutting into, or incision
Gastrotomy incision into the stomach
Epi- upper
Extra- outside
Infra- below, or beneath
Meta- beyond
Per- throughout
Trans- across
Ultra- above, increased, more than normal
-stomy surgically created opening
Gastrostomy surgically created opening in the stomach
-ectomy surgical removal
Gastrectomy surgical removal of the stomach
-ac / -al / -an / -ar / -ary / -eal / -ic / -ine / -ous / -tic all suffixes that mean "pertaining to"
Cardiac pertaining to the heart
Renal pertaining to the kidneys
Ovarian pertaining to the ovaries
Lumbar pertaining to the loin, or lower back
Alimentary pertaining to the Gastrointestinal tract
Laryngeal pertaining to the Larynx
Enteric pertaining to the small intestine
Uterine pertaining to the Uterus
Cutaneous pertaining to the skin
Nephrotic pertaining to the kidneys
Mastectomy removal of the breast or mammary glands
-pexy suture to stabilize
Gastropexy surgically stabilizing the stomach to the abdominal wall
-plasty surgically repair
Rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose
Colostomy surgically created opening between the colon and body surface
Laparotomy incision into the abdomen
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid or gas
cystocentesis a surgical puncture of the urinary bladder with a needle to remove urine
-gram a record of
Electrocardiogram the electrocardiographic hard copy record
-graph instrument that records
Electrocardiograph the machine that records the electrical activity of the heart
-graphy the procedure that records
Electrocardiography the procedure used to record the electrical activity of the heart
-lysis separation or breakdown
Urinalysis separation of urine into it's constituents
-scope instrument to visually examine
Endoscope in instrument used to visually examine inside the body
-scopy procedure to visually examine
Endoscopy the procedure of visually examining inside the body
-therapy a treatment
Chemotherapy a treatment with chemical substances, or drugs
-rrhagia / -rrhage bursting forth
Hemorrhage bursting forth of blood from vessels
-rrhaphy to suture
Enterorrhaphy suturing of the small intestine
-rrhea flow, discharge
Diarrhea complete discharge of the bowels
-rrhexis rupture
Myorrhexis rupture of the muscle
-algia pain
-dynia pain
Arthralgia joint pain
Arthrodynia joint pain
-ia state, or condition
Hyperglycemia condition of elevated amounts of blood glucose
-ion action, process, state, or condition
Infarction condition of blood flow obstuction
-itis inflammation
Hepatitis Inflammation of the liver
-ive performs or tends toward
Congestive tends towards accumulation of fluid
-malacia abnormal softening
Osteomalacia abnormal softening of bone
-megaly enlargement
Cardiomegaly enlargement of the heart
-osis abnormal condition
Cardiosis abnormal condition of the heart
-pathy disease
Enteropathy disease of the small intestine
-sclerosis abnormal hardening
Arteriosclerosis abnormal hardening of the arteries
-um structure
Pericardium structure surrounding the heart
-us thing
Tarsus the joint (thing) between the tibia and fibula and metatarsals
ovari/o- Ovary
Hyster uterus
Ovariohysterectomy surgical removal of the ovaries and uterus
Hepatoma a liver mass
Hematoma a mass of collection of blood
Urethra takes urine from the bladder to the outside of the body
ileum distal part of the small intestine
ilium part of the pelvic bone
Created by: dmweaver