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History Chp18

The Second World War, 1939-45

TermDefinition
Axis Powers Alliance of Germany, Italy, Japan
Allied Powers Alliance of Great Britain, Soviet Union, United States, and France during World War II.
Blitzkrieg 'lightning war'-a German military tactic which involved aerial bombardment followed by tanks and then infantry.
The Phoney War period of calm after the invasion of Poland in September 1939 and the invasion of Western Europe in the spring of 1940.
Operation Dynamo the code name given to the evacuation of British soldiers from the French port of Dunkirk. Over 338,000 soldiers were rescued in six days.
Vichy France a pro-German puppet state in southern France.
Operation Sea Lion the code name for Hitler's planned invasion of Britain. It never took place after the German's defeat in the Battle of Britain.
the Battle of Britain the battle for air supremacy between the RAF and the Luftwaffe during 1940 and 1941.
the Blitz the heavy bombing of British cities during 1040 and 1941
Lend-Lease the arrangement for military materials to be provided by the Americans to the British during the war.
Operation Barbarossa the code name given to Hitler's invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941.
Scorched Earth name given to the Red Army's policy of destroying anything that could be of use to the enemy as they retreated from the advancing German army in 1941.
Battle of Stalingrad Unsuccessful German attack on the city of Stalingrad during World War II from 1942 to 1943 and proved to be a major turning point.
Pearl Harbour The bombing of the American naval base in Hawaii by Japan caused the Americans to enter WWII
Operation Overlord the code name for the invasion of continental Europe from the west which took place on D-Day 6th June 1944
The Battle of the Bulge Last major battle in the west. The Allies advanced towards the German border. In the winter of 1944, Germany staged a counterattack in Belgium and Luxembourg which pushed a 30 mile "bulge" into the Allied lines. The Allies defeated them.
The Yalta Conference meeting held by the Allied leaders in 1945 to discuss the future of Europe after the war ended.
VE Day Victory in Europe Day. The war in Europe was over. Churchill declared the following day, 8th May 1945 as VE day.
President Truman the President of the USA who ordered the dropping of the atomic bomb on Japan.
Nuremberg Trials Nazi leaders were tried to war crimes at Nuremberg between November 1945 and October 1946.
United Nations an organisation established after WWII with the aim of keeping world peace.
Created by: cbstullamore