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chapter 1

animal anatomy and physiology

QuestionAnswer
abdominal cavity body cavity containing the liver, stomach,small intestines,part of the large intestine, kidneys, and pancreas.
anatomy study of the internal and external body structures.
body system a collection of structures, organs and tissues that are linked by their contributions to a common function.
bone a dense rigid type of connective tissue that provides support for muscles and protects body tissues and organs
cartilage a more rigid form of connective tissue found in joints between bones and the ribs, nose, and sternum.
cells the basic units of all living things which form the complex tissue and organs that makes up an animal's body
connective tissue tissue that connects structures together, providing support and protection.
cranial cavity body cavity that contains the brain
diabetes disease characterized by an inability to process sugars in the diet due to a decrease in or total absence of insulin production
DNA hereditary material of genes, contained in cells.
dorsal cavity body cavity subdivided into the cranial and spinal cavities
epithelial tissue tissue covering all body surfaces , inside and out, including the outer layers of skin
gout an acute form of arthritis that causes severe pain and swelling in the joints.
homeostasis the process by which an animal maintains its internal equilibrium by adjusting its physiological processes,
hyperglycemia condition in which blood glucose levels reach abnormally high levels which often a clinical sign of diabetes.
hypoglycemia blood glucose fall below a level necessary to properly support the body's need for support and stability.
muscle tissue elastic tissue that can contract and relax to change it's length.
neural tissue tissue composed of neurons and found in the brain , spinal cord, and peripheral nerves.
neuroglia cells that provide support, protection, oxygen, and nutrients for neurons.
neurons highly specialized nerve cells that transmit electrical impulses to all areas of the body.
organ collection of different tissues that work together to perform a particular function
pelvic cavity body cavity containing bladder, final section of the large intestine reproductive organs of female or prostrate gland of male
peripheral nerves nerves outside of brain and spinal cord
physiology study of how animals perform their vital functions
RNA molecule that serves as a template for protein synthesis in the body
spinal cavity body cavity that contains the spinal cord.
thoracic cavity body cavity containing the heart and lungs
tissue collection of cells in which one type of cell predominates.
ventral cavity ventral cavity is subdivided into thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic cavities.
Created by: deborah_miller23