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digestive system

for anatomy class ?

Abdominal cavity Lining of the abdomen
what are the two parts of the peritoneum? Parietal peritoneum : lines abdominal walls Visceral peritoneum : covers organs
Intraperitoneal space - there are no organs that live here and only a small amount of fluid
Connecting Peritoneum has 2 parts Mesentery and Omentum
Mesentery attaches organs to body wall by connective tissue ( blood , lymph , nerves)
Omentum ( is just a curve) - attaches stomach to adjacent organs
Greater Omentum from greater curvature of stomach to dorsal body wall
Lesser Omentum from lesser curvature of stomach to liver and duodenum
The functions of the digestive system it takes complex foods and breaks them down into simple nutrient molecules through the digestion process
Peristalsis VS. Segmentation ( Smooth Muscle Contractions) Peristaltic contractions move contents along the digestive tract and Segmental contractions cause back and forth mixing movement .
the structures in the Oral Cavity ( also known as the buccual cavity) - lips , tongue , teeth , salivary glands , hard palate , soft palate and oropharynx. the oral cavity is also the start of diigestion
List and give location of the Salivary glands Parotid is located just ventral to the ear canals. The Mandibular is located just central to the parotid . Sublingual is located medial to the body of the mandible just under the base of the tongue . then its the zygomatoc
Name the types of teeth found in carnivores and herbivores Carnivores teeth are usually pointed and Herbivores teeth are blunted
Describe the structure of teeth Maxilla and incisive bones contain upper arcade and Mandible contains the lower arcade . The Occlusal Surface is where teeth come together .
Teeth functions Physically break down food into smaller pieces
List the structure of Monogastric Stomach When something is monogastric it means it was the simple stomach
Describe the function of the Monogastric stomach
The digestive tube is composed of ... Mouth , teeth , Esophagus , stomach, doudenum , jejunum , Ileum, Cecum , colon , rectum and Anus
Ruminants Have mixing and fermentation compartments in addition to the stomach
Basic Function of the Digestive Tract Prehension , Mastification , Chemical Digestion , Absorption and Elimination
Basic structure of the Digestive Tract Mouth ----> Esophagus ----> Stomach ---->Small Intestine ---> large intestine -----> Anus
The two types of muscles found in the Digestive system Skeletal and Smooth
Skeletal Mouth , prehension , pharynx , cranial portion of the esophagus , external anal sphincter
Smooth wall of the digestive tube
Incisors most rostral - grasping teeth
Canines Corners of incisors , tearing teeth , tusks
Premolars cheek teeth and cutting teeth
Molars Grinding teeth
Lingual Surface " inner surface" of the lower arcade that faces the tongue
Palatal Surface " inner surface" of the upper arcade that faces the hard palate
Labial Surface " Outer surface" that faces the front of the mouth
Buccal Surface " Outer surface" of both arcades that face the check
Anatomy of the Tooth teeth are living structures . The crown projects above the gingiva . the root is embedded in the alveoli
Created by: AmethystJ



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