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VET113 Lesson1

assignment 1

TermDefinition
Anatomy the study of the form and structure of the body
Physiology the study of how the body functions
Microscopic anatomy the study of cells and tissues that require a microscope to see
Macroscopic anatomy the study of structures that can be seen with the unaided eye. also known as gross anatomy
Sagittal plane the plane that divides the body into left and right (not always equal) halves
Median plane the plane that divides the body into equal left and right halves
Transverse plane the plane that divides the body into head and tail sections
Dorsal plane the plane that divides the body into back and belly sections
Cranial meaning towards the head
Caudal meaning towards the tail
Rostral meaning used on the head region to refer to parts of the head closest to the nose
Dorsal closer to the back
Ventral closer to the belly
Lateral away from the median plane
Medial towards the median plane
Superficial close to the surface
Deep far from the surface
Plantar the surface of the rear paw that touches the ground
Palmar the surface of the front paw that touches the ground
Bilateral symmetry when the left and right side of an organism is an equal mirror image
Radial symmetry when an organism's symmetry is based around a central point
Dorsal body cavity the body cavity that contains the cranial and spinal cavity
Cranial cavity formed of the skull and contains the brain
Spinal cavity formed of the vertebra and contains the spinal cord
Ventral body cavity the body cavity that contains the thoracic and abdominal cavity
Thoracic cavity the body cavity that contains the heart, lungs, esophagus, and major blood vessels
Pleura the thin membrane that covers the thorax and the organs within
Abdominal cavity the body cavity that contains the reproductive, urinary, and gastrointestinal systems
Peritoneum the thin membrane that covers the abdomen and the organs within
Taxonomy the systematic classification and naming of organisms
Cell the most basic form of life
Tissue a group of similar cells that serve a common function
Organs groups of tissues that have a common function
Organ systems groups of organs with related functions that interact
Carpus Knee bone of horse, equivalent to wrist in humans
Tarsus equivalent to human ankle
Homeostasis the maintenance of a dynamic equilibrium in the body
Histology the study of microscopic structure and composition of tissues
Histopathology the study of healthy and diseased tissue
Epithelial tissue a collection of tissues that cover and protect body surfaces
Connective tissue binds cells and structures together and supports the body
Muscle tissue controls movement
Nervous tissue transmits information around the body
Created by: StephanyH83