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Meat and Bones

Veterinary Medical Terminology Chapter 3

DJD degenerative joint disease
fx fracture
IVDD intervertebral disc disease
P1 phalanx 1
P2 phalanx 2
P3 phalanx 3 or coffin bone in the horse
RA rheumatoid arthritis
ROM range of motion
tax/o combining form for coordination or order
gastr/o combining form for stomach
clon/o combining form for violent action (spasm)
oste/o combining form for bone
-blasts immature
-clasts break
hemat/o combining form for blood
oste/o, oss/e, oss/i combining form for bone
arthr/o combining form for joint
chondr/o combining form for cartilage
epi- above
physis- growth
dia- between
peri- surrounding
-um structure
endo- within or inner
meta- beyond
-sclerosis abnormal hardening
-malacia abnormal softening
ligament/o combining form for ligament
ten/o, tend/o, and tendin/o combining form for tendon
burs/o combining form for bursa
synovi/o combining form for synovial membrane and synovial fluid
spondyl/o and vertebr/o combining form for vertebra
disc/o combining form for discs
ante- before
cost/o combining form for rib
onchy/o combining form for claw
meta- beyond
ankyl/o combining form for bent or stiff
goni/o combining form for angle or seed
-desis means to bind or surgical fixation of a bone or joint
fasci/o or fasc/i combining form for fascia
aponeur/o combining form for aponeurosis which is a fibrous sheet that provides attachment to muscular fibers and is a means of origin or insertion of a flat muscle
my/o combining form for muscle
fibr/o and fibros/o combining form for fibrous tissue
syn- together
erg work
agon struggle
anti- against
ton/o combining form for tone, tension or stretching
epi- above
kinesi/o combining form for movement
-kinesis movement
hematopoietic pertaining to the formation of blood
fontanelle soft spot remaining at the junction of sutures that usually closes after birth
synarthroses allow no movement
amphiarthroses allow slight movement
diarthroses allow free movement
suture a jagged line where bones join and form a nonmovable joint; found in the skull
ligament band of fibrous connective tissue that connects one bone to another bone to help stabilize joints
tendon band of fibrous connective tissue that connects muscle to bone to help the animal move
axial skeleton framework of the body that includes the skull, auditory ossicles, hyoid bones, vertebral column, ribs, and sternum
appendicular skeleton framework of the body that consists of the extremities, shoulder, and pelvic girdle
foramen opening
sternum breastbone
manubrium cranial portion of the sternum
xiphoid caudal portion of the sternum
ungulate animal with hooves
splint bones metacarpals and metatarsals II and IV
cannon bone third metacarpal or metatarsal bone
fetlock joint joint between metacarpal (metatarsal) III and the proximal phalanx
pastern joint joint between P1 and P2
coffin joint joint between P2 and P3
P1 long pastern
P2 short pastern
P3 coffin bone
sesamoid bones small nodualr bones embedded in a tendon or joint capsule
navicular bone in horses is the common name for the sesamoid bone located inside the hoof on the palmar or plantar surface of P3
patella large sesamoid bone in the rear limb
stifle joint joint that houses the patella
muscle origin place where a muscle begins, or originates, and is the more fixed attachment or the end of the muscle closest to the midline
muscle insertion place where a muscle ends, or inserts, and is the more movable end or portion of the muscle farthest from the midline
Created by: spoitevint