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Veterinary Medical Terminology Chapter 1

prefix word part found at the beginning of a word. Usually indicates number, location, time, or status
root word part that gives the essential meaning of the word. It cannot stand alone; a suffix must be added to complete the term
combining vowel single vowel, usually an O, that is added to the end of a root to make the word easier to pronounce. It is used when a suffix begins with a consonant or when two or more roots are joined.
combining form comination of the root and the combining vowel
suffix word part found at the end of a word. Usually indicates procedure, condition, disease, or disorder.
Ab- means away from
Dys- means difficult, painful, or bad
Endo- means within or inside
Hyper- means elevated, higher,or more than normal
Inter- mens between
Poly- many or excessive
Pre- before
Sub- below, under, or less
A- without or no
An- without or no
Ad- toward
Anti- against
Eu- good, easy, or normal
Ex- without, out of, outside, or away from
Ecto- outside
Hypo- depressed, lower, or less than normal
Intra- within
Oligo- scant or little
Post- after
Super- or supra- above, beyond, or excessive
Epi_ upper
Extra- outside
Infra- below or beneath
Inter- between
Meta- beyond
per- throughout
Trans- beacross
Ultra- above, increased, or more than normal
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid or gas
cystocentesis surgical puncture of the urinary bladder with a needle to remove fluid
-gram record of
cyanosis condition of blue discoloration
carpus joint between the radius and ulna and metacarpal bones
-um structure
-pathy disease
-algia pain
-ia state or condition
-itis inflammation
pericardium structure surrounding the heart
cardiomegaly enlargement of the heart
-megaly enlargement
-ive performs or tends toward
congestive tends toward accumulation of fluid
mucus slime-like substance composed of glandular secretion, salts, cells, and leukocytes
mucous pertaining to mucus
-graph instrument that records
-lysis separation or breakdown
-scope instrument to visually examine
electrocardiography procedure used to record the electrical activity of the heart
endoscopy procedure of visually examining the inside of the body
urinalysis separation of the urine into its constituents
-ous pertaining to
-tic pertaining to
-ine pertaining to
-ic pertaining to
-eal pertaining to
-ary pertaining to
-ar pertaining to
-an pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-ac pertaining to
alimentary pertaining to the gastrointestinal tract
lumbar pertaining to the lower back
nephrotic pertaining to the kidneys
cardiac pertaining to the heart
renal pertaining to the kidney
ovarian pertaining to the ovary
-plasty surgical repair
rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose
mastectomy surgical removal of the breast or mammary glands
-tomy cutting into
-stomy surgically created opening
-ectomy surgical removal or excision
gastrectomy surgical removal of the stomach
-rrhea flow, discharge
diarrhea complete discharge of the bowels
-rrhexis rupture
myorrhexis rupture of the muscle
-malacia abnormal softening
osteomalacia abnormal softening of the bone
hepatitis inflammation of the liver
myel/o spinal cord or bone marrow
ileum distal part of the small intestine
ilium part of the pelvic bone
hepatoma liver mass
gastroenteritis inflammation of the stomach and small intestine
-oma mass
pan- all
-plasty surgical repair
-pexy suture to stabilize
-stomy creation of an artificial opening to the body surface
-osis abnormal condition or disease
Created by: spoitevint