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VT-101 Clinical Med

Intro to Animal Nutrition

Which amino acid does a cat require in it's diet that a dog does not? Taurine
What is the percentage of water in dry kibble? 10-12
Which has a higher protein requirement: dog or cat? Cat
What term used to describe a cat's diet? Obligate carnivore
Is a dog an herbivore, an omnivore, or a carnivore? Omnivore
What is glycogen? Stored carbohydrates
Where is glycogen stored? In the liver and muscles
What is "protein-sparring"? Having enough dietary carbohydrates for energy so proteins can be utilized for other functions
If there is no more room to store glycogen, what are excess carbohydrates stored as? Fat
What is the percentage of water in canned or wet food? 72-82
Water percentage of body weight is water? 50-70
A loss of what percentage of body water results in death? 10
A decrease in the amount of water in the body is called what? Dehydration
Which macronutrient increases the palatability of pet foods? Fat
Which nutrient is most essential to life? Water
How many amino acids are there? 22
Are plant source or animal source proteins easier to digest? Animal
What type of carbohydrate increases satiety? Fiber
Macronutrients Protein, fat, carbohydrates
Micronutrients Vitamins, minerals
Everyday losses of water include: Urination, defecation, respiration/evaporation
Abnormal losses of water include: Vomiting, diarrhea
A by-product of peptide bond creation Water
The construction of proteins is guided by what? DNA and RNA
The links created between amino acids Peptide bonds
Are plant or animal proteins more digestible? Animal proteins
Biological value of proteins (BV) The percentage of absorbed protein retained by the body. It is a measurement of the ability of the body to convert amino acids into body tissue.
Net protein utilization (NPU) Protens biological value and digestibility. Poorly digestible proteins have low a low NPU.
Refeeding syndrome Introduction of food to an emaciated animal must be slow because the body has shut down or slowed processes to conserve energy.
Created by: kburdick



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