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VT-123 Chapter 1

Intro to Terminology

a- without or no
an- without or no
ab- away from
ad- toward
anti- against
endo- within or inside
dys- difficult, painful or bad
eu- good, easy or normal
ex- / exo- without, out of, outside, away from
ecto- outside
hyper- elevated, higher, more than normal
hypo- depressed, lower, less than normal
inter- between
intra- within
poly- many or excessive
oligo- scant or little
pre- before
post- after
sub- below, under or less
super- / supra- above, beyond or excessive
epi- upper
extra- outside
infra- below or beneath
meta- beyond
per- throughout
trans- across
ultra- above, increased or more than normal
pan- all
peri- around
Prefix A word part found at the beginning of a word.
Suffix A word part found at the end of a word
Root A word part that gives the essential meaning of the word.
Combining vowel A vowel added to the end of a root to make it easier to pronounce.
Combining form Combination of the root and the combining vowel.
-ac pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-an pertaining to
-ar pertaining to
-ary pertaining to
-eal pertaining to
-ic pertaining to
-ine pertaining to
-ous pertaining to
-tic pertaining to
-ectomy surgical removal
-pexy suture to stabilize
-plasty surgical repair
-stomy surgically created opening
-tomy cutting into or incsion
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid or gas
-gram record of
-graph instrument that records
-graphy procedure that records
-lysis separation or breakdown
-scope instrument used to visually examine
-scopy procedure to visually examine
-therapy treatment
-algia / -dynia pain
-ia state or condition
-ion action, process, state or condition
-itis inflammation
-ive performs or tends toward
-malacia abnormal softening
-megaly enlargement
-osis abnormal condition
-pathy disease
-sclerosis abnormal hardening
-um structure
-us thing
-rrhagia / -rrhage bursting forth
-rrhaphy to suture
-rrhea flow
-rrhexis rupture
-logy the study of
Created by: kburdick