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V.T. A & P I Ch.1

Anatomical Terms/ Directions

The study of the form and structure of the animal body and its parts. Anatomy
The study of the functions of the body and its parts. Physiology
The study of cells and tissues that require a microscope to visualize. Microscopic Anatomy
The study of structures that can be seen without a microscope. Macroscopic/ Gross Anatomy
The study of individual regions of the body. Regional Anatomy
The study of individual systems of the body. Systemic Anatomy
A plane that runs the length of the body and divides it into left and right parts that are not necessarily equal. Sagittal Plane
A sagittal plane that runs down the center of the body lengthwise and divides it into equal left and right halves. Median/ Midsagittal Plane
A plane across the body that divides it into cranial and caudal parts that are not necessarily equal. Transverse Plane
A plane at right angles to the sagittal and transverse planes; divides the body into dorsal and ventral parts that are not necessarily equal. Dorsal Plane
Toward the head (cranium). Cranial
Toward the tail (cauda). Caudal
Toward the tip of the nose (rostrum); used only to describe positions or directions on the head. Rostral
Toward the back (top surface) of a standing animal. Dorsal
Toward the belly (bottom surface) of a standing animal. Ventral
Toward the median plane (the center line of the body). Medial
Away from the median plane. Lateral
Toward the center of the body or a body part; Internal. Deep
Toward the surface of the body or a body part; External. Superficial
Toward the body; describing positions on extremities. Proximal
Away from the body; extremities. Distal
The proximal/distal dividing line for the front leg. Carpus
The proximal/distal dividing line for the rear leg. Tarsus
The back surface of the front leg distal to the carpus. Palmar
The back of the hind leg distal to the tarsus. Plantar
Created by: KCole84



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