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Vet Terminology

Ch. 1 : Ready, Set, Go

prefix word part found at the beginning of a word
root word part that gives the essential meaning of the word
combining vowel single vowel, usually an 'o', that is added at the end of a root to make the word easier to pronounce
combining form combination of the root and combining vowel
suffix word part found at the end of a word
ab- away from
dys- means difficult, painful, or bad
endo- within or inside
hyper- elevated, higher, or more than normal
inter- between
poly- many or excessive
pre- before
sub- below, under, or less
a-/an- without or no
ad- toward
anti- against
eu- good, easy, or normal
ex-/exo without, out of, outside or away from
ecto- outside
hypo- means depressed, lower, or less than normal
intra- within
oligo- scant or little
post- after
super-/supra- abover, beyond, or excessive
peri- around
epi- upper
infra- below or beneath
meta- beyond
per- throughout
trans- across
ultra- above, increased, or more than normal
-ac (as in cardiac) pertaining to (the heart)
-al (as in renal) pertaining to (the kidney)
-an (an in ovarian) pertaining to (the ovary)
-ar (as in lumbar) pertaining to (the loin, lower back)
-ary (as in alimentary) pertaining to (the gastrointestinal tract)
-eal (as in laryngeal) pertaining to (the larynx)
-ic (as in enteric) pertaining to (small intestine)
-ine (as in uterine) pertaining to (the uterus)
-ous (as in cutaneous) pertaining to (the skin)
-tic (as in nephrotic) pertaining to (the kidneys)
-ectomy surgical removal
-pexy suture to stabilize
-plasty surgical repair
-stomy surgically create an opening
-tomy cutting into
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid or gas
-gram record of
-graph instrument that records
-graphy procedure that records
-lysis separation or breakdown
-scope instrument to visually examine
-scopy procedure to visually examine
-therapy treatment
-rrhagia/-rrhage bursting forth
-rrhaphy to suture
-rrhea flow, discharge
-rrhexis rupture
-algia/-dynia pain
-ia state or condition
-ion action, process, state or condition
-itis inflammation
-ive performs or tends toward
-malacia abnormal softening
-megaly enlargement
-osis abnormal condition
-pathy disease
-sclerosis abnormal hardening
-um structure
-us thing
Created by: BreanaRoss