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Basis Tissue Types

Muscle, Epithelial, Connective

TermDefinition
Skeletal (Muscular tissue) Causes movement of the skeleton
Smooth (Muscular tissue) Concerned with movement within organs and blood vessels
Cardiac (Muscular tissue) Concerned with beating of the heart.
Simple - Squamous (Epithelial) Cells are flat and plate-like. Found where absorption is required.
Simple - Cuboidal (Epithelial) Cells are cube-shaped with central spherical nucleus. Found in glands and ducts
Simple - Columnar (Epithelial) Tall and rectangular. The layers of cells may contain mucus-secreting goblet cells or may be ciliated, respiratory tract, lining the gut with a covering of microvilli, and in secretory glands of the digestive and endocrne systems.
Compound - Stratified (Epithelial) the first layers of cells are cuboidal, becoming flatter as they are moved towards the surface of the tissue by new cells forming beneath them.
Compound - Transitional (Epithelial) Modified, stratified, containing a combination of shpaes. Found where ability to stretch is required.
Compound - Glandular (Epithelial) Consisting of either individual goblet cells with a single unbranched duct or a mass of secretory cells with a branched duct system forming a gland.
Compound - Glandular - Endocrine (Epithelial) Surrounded by an extensive capillary network and are ductless, secreting hormones directly into the blood stream.
Compound - Glandular -Exocrine (Epithelial) simple or compound, have ducts and secrete on to an epithelial surface
Areolar tissue (Connective Tissue) Consists of a loose network of collagen fibres and surrounds organs providing support and flexibility. (Under skin)
Dense Connective Tissue (Connective Tissue) Large proportion of collagen fibres, which provide great strength, (Tendons and ligaments)
Blood (Connective Tissue) Transports essential nutrients, gases, waste products, hormones and enzymes to and from all body cells. Consist of many cell types. Suspended in a liquid matrix called plasma.
Cartilage (Connective Tissue) Mixture of collagen and elastic fibres provides shape, protection for organs and movement. Is a dense clear blue material that is tough and can be elastic or rigid. Found mainly in joints. Has no blood vessels but is covered by a membrane called perichond
Cartilage - Hyaline (Connective Tissue) Chondrocytes lie within a hyaline matrix with collagen fibres running through.
Cartilage - Fibrocartilage (Connective Tissue) Stronger than hyaline cartilage and the matrix contains fibrous collagen fibres.
Cartilage - Elastic (Connective Tissue) Has a hyaline matrix and many elastic fibres that gives it elastic properties.
Bone (Connective Tissue) Provides support and is a means of attachment for skeletal muscles. Consists of cells embedded in a comparatively hard matrix or ground substance. Cells are arranged as cylinders in layers known as Haversian systems (which give bone its strength)
Bone - Osteoblast (Connective Tissue) Responsible for the secretion of material which, when mineralised or calcified, will become bone.
Bone - Oseocytes (Connective Tissue) Osteoblasts become trapped in the forming bone
Bone - Osteoclasts (Connective Tissue) Responsible for reabsorbing materials and for the remodelling of bone.
Long Bone - Compact (Connective Tissue) Forming the dense walls of the bone shaft.
Long Bone - Cancellous or spongy (Connective Tissue) Forming the central medullary cavity and providing support for haemopoietic tissue.
Nervous Tissue (Connective Tissue) Conducts electrical or nerve impulses to and from the central nervous system by means of neurons.
Created by: laurenmclean511