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ANS Drugs

TermDefinition
bethanechol (urecholine) direct cholinergic: GI and urinary tract atony
carbamylcholine direct cholinergic: treats atony of GI tract and stimulate uterine contractions in pigs
acetylcholine direct cholinergic: rarely used due to fast breakdown by acetylcholinesterase
pilocarpine direct cholinergic: reduces intraocular pressure associated with glaucoma
metochlopramide direct cholinergic: control vomiting and reduce gastric tract emptying
edrophonium indirect cholinergic: diagnose myasthenia gravis
neostigmine indirect cholinergic: treat urine retention, GI atony, and as an antidote to neuromuscular blocking agents
physostigmine indirect cholinergic: similar to neostigmine, urine retention, GI atony, and an antidote to neuromuscular blocking agents
organophosphate compounds indirect cholinergic: insecticide dips, can result in toxicity
demecarium indirect cholinergic: prevention management of glaucoma
pyridostigmine indirect cholinergic: treatment of myasthenia gravis
atropine cholinergic blocking: preanisthetic to dry secretions and prevent bradycardia, to counteract arganophosphate poisoning, dilate pupils for ophthalmic exams, control ciliary spasms of the eye, to treat sinus bradycardia, and to slow a hypermotile gut
methscopolamine cholinergic blocking: control diarrhea
glycopyrrolate cholinergic blocking: similar to atropine, provides longer duration of action, used primarily as anesthetic
aminopentamide cholinergic blocking: control diarrhea and vomiting in dogs and cats
propantheline cholinergic blocking: treat diarrhea, urinary incontinence, and bradycardia, to reduce colonic peristalisis in horses for rectal exams, similar to glycopyrrolate
pralidoxime cholinergic blocking: treat organophosphate intoxication
epinephrine adrenergic: increase in heart rate and cardiac output, constriction of blood vessels in skin and dilation of blood vessels in muscle, dilation of bronchioles, increase in metabolic rate
norepinephrine adrenergic: raises blood pressure
isoproterenol adrenergic: bronchodilation
phenylephrine adrenergic: nasal vasocontrictor
Created by: m1150378