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Medical Terminology

Week 2 - Anatomical Terms for Various Species

TermDefinition
barrel capacity of the chest or trunk
bars raised V-shaped structure on distal surface of hoof
cannon bone (aka: shin bone) third metacarpal (metatarsal) of the horse
cheek fleshy portion of either side of the face; forms the sides of the mouth and continues rostrally to the lips
chest part of the body between the neck and abdomen; the thorax
chestnuts horny, irregular growths on the medial surface of the equine leg; in the front legs, the chestnuts are just above the knee; in the rear legs, the chestnuts are near the hock
coffin joint distal interphalangeal joint (joint between the short pastern and coffin bones) in ungulates
corners third incisors of equine
coronary band (aka: coronet) junction between the skin and the horn of the hoof
crest roof of the mane
croup muscular area around and above the tail base
cutters second incisors of equin
dock solid part of the equine tail
elbow forelimb joint formed by distal humerus, proximal radius and proximal ulna
ergot small keratinized mass of horn in a small bunch of hair on the palmar or plantar aspects of the equine fetlock
fetlock area of the limb between the pastern and the cannon
fetlock joint metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joint (joint between the cannon bone and long pastern bone) in ungulates
flank side of the body between the ribs and ilium
forelock in maned animals, the most cranial part of the mane hanging down between the ears and onto the forehead
frog V-shaped pad of soft horn between the bars on the sole of the equine hoof
gaskin (aka: crus) muscular portion of the hindlimb between the stifle and hock
heart girth circumference of the chest just caudal to the shoulders and cranial to the back
heel caudal region of the hoof that has an area of soft tissue called the bulb
hock tarsal joint
hoof hard covering of the digit in ungulates
hoof wall hard, horny outer layer of the covering of the digit in ungulates
knee carpus in ungulates
loin lumbar region of the back between the thorax and pelvis
mane region of long, coarse hair at the dorsal border of the neck and terminating at the poll
muzzle two nostrils (including the skin and fascia) and the muscles of the upper and lower lip
nippers central incisors of equine
paralumbar fossa hollow area of the flank whose boundaries are the transverse processes of the lumbar vertebrae (dorsally), the last rib (cranially) and the thigh muscles
pastern area of the limb between the fetlock and hoof
pastern joint proximal interphalangeal joint (joint between the long and short pastern bones) in ungulates
poll top of the head; occiput; nuchal crest
quarter lateral or medial side of the hoof
shoulder region around the large joint between the humerus and scapula
sole palmar and plantar surface of the hoof; irregular crescent-shaped bottom of hoof
stifle joint femorotibial and femoropatellar joint in quadrupeds
tail caudal part of the vertebral column extending beyond the trunk
tail head base of the tail where it connects to the body
teat nipple of mammary gland
toe cranial side of hoof
udder mammary gland
white line fusion between the wall and sole of the hoof
withers region over the dorsum where the neck joins the thorax and where the dorsal margins of the scapular lie just below the skin
brisket mass of connective tissue, muscle and fat covering the cranioventral part of the ruminant chest between the forelegs
cannon bone (aka: shin bone) third and fourth metacarpal (metatarsal) of the ruminant (not commonly used)
coffin joint distal interphalangeal joint (joint between the short pastern and coffin bones) in ungulates
crest dorsal margin of the neck
dewclaw accessory claw of the ruminant foot that projects caudally from the fetlock
dewlap loose skin under the throat and neck, which may become pendulous in some breeds
dock solid part of the tail
elbow forelimb joint formed by distal humerus, proximal radius and proximal ulna
fetlock joint metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joint (joint between the cannon bone and the long pastern bone) in ungulates
flank side of the body between the ribs and ilium
forearm part of the foreleg supported by the radius and ulna, between the elbow and the knee
forehead region of the head between the eyes and ears
heart girth circumference of the chest just caudal to the shoulders and cranial to the back
heel caudal region of the hoof that has an area of soft tissue called the "bulb"
hock tarsal joint
hoof hard covering of the digit in ungulates
hoofwall hard, horny outer layer of the covering of the digit in ungulates
hooks protusion of the wing of the ilium on the dorsolateral area of ruminants
knee carpus in ungulates
loin lumbar region of the back, between the thorax and pelvis
muzzle two nostrils (including the skin and fascia) and the muscles of the upper and lower lip
paralumbar fossa hollow area of the flank whose boundaries are the transverse processes of the lumbar vertebrae (dorsally), the last rib (cranially) and the thigh muscles (caudally)
pastern joint proximal interphalangeal joint (joint between the long and short pastern bones) in ungulates
pedal pertaining to the foot
pins protrusion of the ischium bones just lateral to the base of the tail in ruminants
poll top of the head; occiput; nuchal crest
quarter one of the four glands in the cow's udder
shoulder region around the large joint between the humerus and scapula
sole palmar or plantar surface of the hoof; bottom of hoof
stifle joint femorotibial and femoropatellar joint in quadrupeds
switch tuft of hair at the end of the tail
tail caudal part of the vertebral column extending beyond the trunk
tail head base of the tail where it connects to the body
teat nipple of the mammary gland
toe cranial end of the oof
udder mammary gland
brisket mass of connective tissue, muscle, and fat covering the cranioventral part of the ruminant chest between the forelegs
cannon bone (aka: shin bone) third and fourth metacarpal (metatarsal) of the ruminant (not commonly used)
chine thoracic region of the back
coffin joint distal interphalangeal joint (joint between the short pastern and coffin bones) in ungulates
crest dorsal margin of the neck
dewclaw accessory claw of the ruminant foot that projects caudally from the fetlock
elbow forelimb joint formed by distal humerus, proximal radius and proximal ulna
fetlock joint metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joint (joint between the cannon bone and the long pastern bone) in ungulates
flank side of the body between the ribs and ilium
forearm part of the foreleg supported by the radius and ulna, between the elbow and knee
forehead region of the head between the eyes and ears
heart girth circumference of the chest just caudal to the shoulders and cranial to the back
heel caudal region of the hoof that has an area of soft tissue called the "bulb
hock tarsal joint
hoof hard covering of the digit in ungulates
hoofwall hard, horny outer layer of the covering of the digit in ungulates
hooks protrusion of the wing of the ilium on the dorsolateral area of ruminants
horn butt poll region between the eyes and ears of previous horn growth
knee carpus in ungulates
pastern joint proximal interphalangeal joint (joint between the long and short pastern bones) in ungulates
pedal pertaining to the foot
pins protusion of the ischium bones just lateral to the base of the tail in ruminants
poll top of the head; occiput; nuchal crest
rump sacral to tailhead region of the back
shoulder region around the large joint between the humerus and scapula
sole palmar or plantar surface of the hoof; bottom of hoof
stifle joint femorotibial and femoropatellar joint in quanrupeds
tail caudal part of the vertebral column extending beyond the trunk
tail head base of the tail where it connects to the body
teat nipple of mammary gland
toe cranial end of the hoof
udder mammary gland
wattle appendages suspended from the head (usually under the chin)
withers region over the dorsum where the neck joins the thorax and where the dorsal margins of the scapula lie just below the skin
brisket mass of connective tissue, muscle and fat covering the cranioventral part of the ruminant chest between the forelegs
cannon bone (aka: shin bone) third and fourth metacarpal (metatarsal) of the ruminant (not commonly used)
coffin joint distal interphalangeal joint (joint between the short pastern and coffin bones) in ungulates
crest dorsal margin of the neck
dewclaw accessory claw of the ruminant foot that projects caudally from the fetlock
dock solid part of the tail
elbow forelimb joint formed by distal humerus, proximal radius and proximal ulna
fetlock joint metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joint (joint between the cannon bone and the long pastern bone) in ungulates
flank side of the body between the ribs and ilium
forearm part of the foreleg supported by the radius and ulna, between the elbow and knee
forehead region of the head between the eyes and ears
heart girth circumference of the chest just caudal to the shoulders and cranial to the back
heel caudal region of the hoof that has an area of soft tissue called the "bulb"
hock tarsal joint
hoof hard covering of the digit in ungulates
hoofwall hard, horny outer layer of the covering of the digit in ungulates
knee carpus in ungulates
loin lumbar region of the back, between the thorax and pelvis
muzzle two nostrils (including the skin and fascia) and the muscles of the upper and lower lip
paralumbar fossa hollow area of the flank whose boundaries are the transverse processes of the lumbar vertebrae (dorsally), the last rib (cranially) and the thigh muscles (caudally)
pedal pertaining to the foot
poll top of the head; occiput; nuchal crest
rump sacral to tailhead region of the back
shoulder region aruond the large joint between the humerus and scapula
sole palmar or plantar surface of the hoof; bottom of hoof
stifle joint femorotibial and femoropatellar joint in quadrupeds
tail head base of the tail where it connects to the body
teat nipple of mammary gland
toe cranial end of the hoof
udder mammary gland
coffin joint joint between the short pastern and coffin bones in ungulates
dewclaw accessory claw of the porcine foot that projects caudally from the fetlock
elbow forelimb joint formed by distal humerus, proximal radius and proximal ulna
fetlock joint metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joint in ungulates
flank side of the body between the ribs and ilium
ham musculature of the upper thigh
hock tarsal joint
hoof hard covering of the digit in ungulates
hoof wall hard, horny outer layer of the covering of the digit in ungulates
jowl external throat, especially when fat or loose skin is present
loin lumbar region of the back, between the thorax and pelvis
pastern joint joint between the long and short pastern bones in ungulates
rump sacral to tailhead region of the back
shoulder region around the large joint between the humerus and scapula
snout upper lip and apex of the nose of swine
stifle joint femorotibial and femoropatellar joint in quadrupeds
tail caudal part of the vertebral column extending beyond the trunk
cheek fleshy portion of either side of the face; forms the sides of the mouth and continues rostrally to the lips
chest (aka: thorax) part of the body between the neck and abdomen
chin rostroventral protrusion of the mandible
dewclaw rudimentary first digit of dogs and cats
elbow forelimb joint formed by distal humerus and proximal radius/ulna
flank side of the body between the ribs and ilium
forehead region of the head between the eyes and ears
hock tarsal joint (aka: tarsus)
muzzle two nostrils (including the skin and fascia) and the muscles of the upper and lower lip
pinna (aka: auricle) projecting part of the ear lying outside the head
rump (aka: croup) sacral to tailhead region of the back
shoulder region around teh large joint between the humerus and scapula
tail caudal part of the vertebral column extending beyond the trunk
Created by: mlmertens91