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Medical Terminology

Week 1 - Basic Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
ab away from
a without or no
an without or no
ad toward
anti against
dys difficult, painful or bad
eu good, easy or normal
endo within or inside
ex/exo without, out of, outside or away from
endo within or inside
ecto outside
hyper elevated, higher or more than normal
hypo depressed, lower or less than normal
inter between
intra within
poly many or excessive
oligo scant or little
pre before
post after
sub below, under, less or decreased
super/supra above, beyond or excessive
epi upper
extra outside
infra below or beneath
meta beyond
per throughout
trans across
ultra above, increased or more than normal
pan all
-penia deficiency or reduction in number
-tomy cutting into or incision
-stomy surgically created opening
-ectomy surgical removal or excision
-pexy suture to stabilize
-plasty surgical repair
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid or gas
-gram record of
-graph instrument that records
-graphy procedure that records
-lysis separation or breakdown
-scope instrument to visually examine
-scopy procedure to visually examine
-therapy treatment
-rrhagia/-rrahge bursting forth
-rrhaphy to suture
-rrhexis rupture
-rrhea flow, discharge
-algia/-dynia pain
-itis inflammation
-malacia abnormal softening
-megaly enlargement
-osis abnormal condition
-pathy disease
-sclerosis abnormal hardening
-um structure
oste(o) bone
myo/sarco muscle
neur(o) nerves
derm- skin
angi(o) blood vessels
ven(o)/phleb(o) veins
cardi(o) heart
rhin(o) nose
tympan eardrum
neph kidney
cran(i) skull
opthalm/ocul(o) eye
oto ear
thromb(o) blood clot
hepat(o) liver
mamm(o) breast
colo large intestine
gastro stomach
ileo small intestine
thorac(o) chest
pneumo/pleuro lu
micro small
macro large
tachy- fast or rapid
brady- slow or reduced
chloro- green
leuk- white
eryth- red
cyan- blue
echo using ultrasonic waves
-emia blood condition
-pathy disease
Created by: mlmertens91