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VT107 Pharmacology 1

Pharmacology Dr. Musa Quiz 1

QuestionAnswer
what are some catecholamine (adrenergic) cardiac drugs drugs? dopamine, epinephrine, norepinephrine
What type of drug improves the strength of cardiac contractions? positive inotropes
What are some positive inotrope drugs? digoxin, epinephrine, pimobendan(Vetmedin)
What is epinephrine clinically used for? Cardiac resuscitation
What type of drug makes vessels larger, there by making it easier for blood to be pumped back into it? vasodilaters
What drugs are ACE-inhibitors? capto{pril} (Capoten), enalo{pril }(Enacard), benazo{pril} (Lotensin)
What do ACE-inhibitors do? Dilate peripheral blood vessels
What drug is a loop diuretic that is used for cardiogenic (pulmonary) edema? furosemide
what are some catecholamine (adrenergic) cardiac drugs drugs? dopamine, epinephrine, norepinephrine
What type of drug improves the strength of cardiac contractions? positive inotropes
What are some positive inotrope drugs? digoxin, epinephrine, pimobendan(Vetmedin)
What is epinephrine clinically used for? Cardiac resuscitation
What type of drug makes vessels larger, there by making it easier for blood to be pumped back into it? vasodilaters
What drugs are ACE-inhibitors? capto{pril} (Capoten), enalo{pril}(Enacard), benazo{pril}(Lotensin)
What do ACE-inhibitors do? Dilate peripheral blood vessels
What drug is a loop diuretic that is used for cardiogenic (pulmonary) edema? furosemide
What are the two most common side effects of loop diuretics Dehydration and Hypokalemia
What drug is known as Vetmedin enalapril
What drug is known as lasix furosemide
What drug is known as Enacard digoxin
What are two common side effects of propanolol and atenolol? bradycardia and hypotension
what do we call a collapse episode due to heart disease? syncope
What groups of drugs could be useful in the treatment of feline asthmas? steriods, bronchodiltors, antihistamines
what is are some common side effects of bronchodilators? GI upset, CNS stimulation, tachycardia, ataxia, and arrhythmia
what drugs are methylxanthene? aminophylline, theophylline, theobromine)
what is Methylxanthines? bronchodilation in respiratory and cardiac conditions
puppies who are delivered by c-section and who arent breathing on their own can be given what drug? doxopram
Whatdo expectorant drugs do? Liquefy and dilute viscous secretions
a drug used to block a cough reflex is called? Antititussives
What drug is used for relief of nonproductive cough, analgesia, and preanesthesia? butorphanol
guaifenesin relieves cough symptoms • Can be used to induce or maintain general anesthesia in horses
acetylcysteine breaks down thick or inspissated (thickened or dried out) respiratory mucus and to treat acetaminophen toxicity
temaril-P used as antitussive and anitpruritic • contains antitussive and corticosteroid (prednisolone)
Cholinergic blockers prevent bronchoconstrictive effects of acetylcholine (atropine, glycopyrolate)
Stroke volume is determined by amount of blood filling ventricle during diastole, called preload, and arterial resistance ventricle must pump against, called afterload
what are positive inotropic drugs improve strength of contraction of heart
Diuretics are some of most commonly used drugs in treatment of heart failure because they reduce harmful effects of CHF (pulmonary edema, ascites, and increased cardiac work)
spironolactone Postassium-sparing diuretic that acts by inhibiting aldosterone
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors vasodilator preventing conversion of angiotensin I into potent vasoconstricton angiotensin I
What does Propranolol (beta adrenergic blocker) do? Reduces myocardial oxygen demand and may improve performance in animals with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
What does Atenlol (beta adrenergic blocker) do? Treats supraventricular tacyarrhythimas premature ventricular contractions, hypertension and cardiomyopathy
What is an antihistamines (amine) drug? diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
Created by: vettechstudent