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Laboratory & Exotics

The first part of a physical exam on wildlife is to observe what? mentation
Is it true that mothers of wildlife will abandon their young if humans have touched them? No
If a healthy wildlife baby animal is found and picked up, what should we as technicians advise the "finder" to do with it? Take it back to where it was found; the mother will come back for it.
In most states, what is required to rehabilitate wildlife? permit
Birds of prey use what to defend themselves? talons and beak
When a wild animal is brought into the veterinary hospital what kind of interactions between the caretakers and the animal should occur? It should not be handled, petted, talked to or played with or even looked at in between treatments.
What household item is used often in the capture of wild birds and rabbits? towel
When capturing a wild bird, especially a raptor, what anatomic parts should be restrained the most? wings and talons and beak
What bacteria has zoonotic potential in reptiles? Salmonella
What is a snake hook used for? to pin down the head of an aggressive snake so the restrainer can grab the head
Chelonians are _________________ and _______________________. turtles and tortoises
What is the main difference between turtles and tortoises? tortoises are mostly land creatures while turtles are found near or in water
What is the dorsal and ventral parts of the chelonian shell called? carapace and plastron
Why do birds mask their illnesses in the wild? so they will not stand out and be preyed upon
A major sign of respiratory distress in birds is what? open mouth breathing or breathing with a "tail-bob"
When performing a physical exam on a reptile the best way to get a heart rate is to use what piece of equipment? doppler
What is the main purpose of performing a cloacal wash? to obtain a fecal sample
When giving medications parenterally to avians what are the two best ways to give it? SQ and IM
Where would an IM injection be given in a bird? pectorals
Why is it important to give medications cranially in avians? the renal-portal system
What is the renal-portal system? any medicines given caudally to the kidneys will be filtered through the kidneys before being distributed to the rest of the body; because of this if it is a nephrotoxic drug it could cause kidney damage or if the kidneys filter it the rest of the body wi
What route is probably the bet way to medicate wild animals? orally in their food because it will cause less stress
When giving a medication through the intracoelomic route where anatomically is this being given? abdominal cavity
When giving lizards intraosseous fluids, what bones are usually used? distal portion of the femur or humerus or into the proximal portion of the tibia
When a raptor is not eating properly what effect can it have on their hydration? they can become dehydrated because they get most of their fluid intake from their food
The most commonly used fluid preparation given to raptors is called lactated ringers
What area of the body are SQ fluids usually given in raptors? inguinal
When tube feeding ANY animal what should be done before pulling out the feeding tube from the esophagus? pinch the tube
Why is it that nonraptorial baby birds are usually easy to feed? they will open their mouths just by simply tapping on them or the movement of your fingers over their head
Because snakes are carnivores, what mineral do they acquire when eating their prey? calcium because they eat the whole animal with bones
Are tortoises carnivores, herbivores, insectivores, or omnivores? herbivores; they eat leaves, grasses, and flowers; nothing with protein in it!
If a reptile patient is dehydrated, what can a technician see in the mouth to assess this? strings of mucous from top to bottom but the rest of the mouth will be dry and pale
What happens to the eyes of a dehydrated patient? they become sunken into the orbits
Name the very convenient way to rehydrate a reptile. soak them in a water bath
True or False: Baby birds and rabbits have the same kind of feeding schedule. False-Baby birds eat multiple times during the day while rabbits eat only twice!
If a bald eagle is brought in to the hospital with compound fractures and head trauma is it legal to go ahead and euthanize it? No. The state fish and wildlife department has to give permission because it is an endangered species.
True or False: If a wild animal is determined to be un-releasable, the veterinarian should euthanize it immediately. False. It can be placed in a zoo, wildlife education center, or raptor center it these places have the correct permits.
When immobilizing fractures of long bones what must be done when bandaging? The joint above and below the fracture has to be stabilized.
What is the name of the bandage that is used for wings on avians? figure eight
What drug is often used IV in reptiles for anesthesia? propofol
What is the overall goal of wildlife medicine and rehabilitation? for the animals to be healthy and self sustainable in the wild
What wild animal is a reservoir for rabies? raccoon
Why are opossums not considered a disease threat to humans? they have a lower than average body temperature so they do not carry the standard zoonotic diseases like other animals
What canine and feline disease are raccoons susceptible to? distemper
What is the intestinal parasite that raccoons are carriers of? roundworm called Balisacaris procyonis which is zoonotic
Bubonic plague (Yersenia pestis) in rodents is transmitted by what insect? fleas
The host animal for Tularemia is what? rabbits and hares
What is the only true flying mammal? bat
Which animal is the most common transmitter of rabies in the U.S.? bat
If armadillos are handled a lot or eaten, what disease can humans contract from them? leprosy (Hansen's disease)
Lead weights used in fishing lures and lead shot from shotgun shells can cause what kind of illness in wildlife? lead poisoning or heavy metal toxicosis
What is the agent that causes Botulism in wild life? Clostridium botulinum
When fresh water bodies are exposed to higher than normal temperatures what toxins can be produced that cause neurotoxicity and hepatotoxicity? phytoplankton
Why are the waterfowl so affected by oil spills? the oil takes away their waterproofing, buoyancy, and insulation and because they continuously clean and pick at their feathers they ingest the oil which is toxic
What soap is used to wash the animals in after an oil spill? Dawn
What system of the body does rabies affect? nervous
The zoonotic disease, psittacosis, is transmitted by what means? inhalation of dried feces or feather dust
What is the body fluid that causes humans to contract Leptospirosis from affected wild animals? urine
What animal is the primary vector of HPS? rodents
Franciella tularensis causes which bacterial disease? Tularemia
Where in humans does Tularemia found? bloodstream
WNV is transmitted by what insect? mosquitoes
In human and animal medicine, what is the number one way to prevent the spread of disease? washing your hands between patients!
Created by: spoitevint



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