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Seeing and Hearing

Veterinary Medical Terminology Chapter 14

QuestionAnswer
What is name of the diagnostic test used to detect vision in an animal's eye? menace response
The medical term used to describe eyes that are not directed in a parallel position is what? strabismus
A surgical procedure that is performed to remove all or part of the eardrum is called what? myringectomy
What are the functions of the ear? process sound, and help with balance
When using a fluoroscein stain on the eye, what are we looking for? corneal abrasion, corneal puncture
What is the test called that measures the amount of tear production? Schirmer Tear Test
If an animal presents with epiphora and pawing at the eye and the fluoroscein test is negative, what could be another problem to check for? distichiasis-extra row of eyelashes
Explain what happens when sound waves enter the pinna until they reach the brain. Air conduction: enter the pinna, travel through external auditory canal, strike tympanic membrane; Bone conduction: tympanic membrane vibrates, ossicles conduct waves through middle ear; Sensorineural conduction: vibrations enter inner ear by oval
What are the three auditory ossicles? Medical term and common term. malleus-hammer incus-anvil stapes-stirrup
What is the combining form that means maze? labyrinth/o
What is the area called that is located between the oval window and the semicircular canals and cochlea? vestibule
What is two things are located within the cochlea? cochlear duct and organ of Corti
What is the name of the aural organ that is spiral-shaped and leads from the oval window to the inner ear? cochlea
What is the area/membrane called that separates the middle and inner ear? oval window
What is the area/membrane called that receives sound waves through fluid after they have passed through the cochlea? round window
What is the name of the instrument used to examine ears? otoscope
What ocular condition is believed to be caused by performing a nictitating gland excision? KCS-dry eye
What does KCS stand for? keratoconjunctivitis sicca
What is another name for keratoconjunctivitis? dry eye
If an animal has unusually small eyes what is the medical term used to describe this? microphthalmia
What instrument is used to measure intraocular pressure? tonopen
If an animal has elevated intraocular pressures this is called what? glaucoma
If there is pus in the anterior chamber of the eye what is the medical term used to describe this? hypopyon
If a dog or cat presents with a reddish-brown stain under their eyes what could be causing this? epiphora-excessive tear production
Created by: spoitevint