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Chapter 5

To commit by solemn act devote
To become known; to come into being through evolution emerge
The rebirth of an individual’s soul in a different form after death. reincarnation
In Hinduism, the force generated by a person’s actions that determines how the person will be reborn in the next life. karma
A religious doctrine introduced in northern India in the sixth century B.C. by Siddhārtha Gautama, known as the Buddha, or “Enlightened One” Buddhism
In Hinduism, the divine law the rules karma; it requires all people to do their duty based on their status in society. dharma
A set of rigid categories in ancient India that determined a person’s occupation and economic potential, as well as his or her position in society, partly based on skin color. caste system
The major Indian religious system. Which had its origins in the religious beliefs of the Aryans who settled India after 1500 BCE Hinduism
In Buddhism, ultimate reality, the end of the self and a reunion with the Great World Soul nirvana
A route between the Roman Empire and China, so called because silk was China’s most valuable product Silk Roads
The change from one belief or form to another conversion
A person who travels to a shrine or other holy place pilgram
Inflexible, unyielding rigid
The earliest known Indian literature, which contain religious chants and stories that were originally passed down orally from generation to generation and then recorded in Sanskrit after writing developed Vedas
The social group in Indian society comprised of commoners who are merchants and farmers is called the Vaisyas
The lowest varna in Indian society comprised of peasants or servants is the Sudras
The social group in Indian society comprised of priests Brahmans
The social group in Indian society comprised of warriors. Kshatriyas
A person's caste in Indian society was determined by birth
Hindus believe that a person's actions in this life determine how the person will be reborn in the next life.
In Indian society, a person's caste determined what type of job a person could have and who the person could marry.
Brahma the Creator, Vishnu the Preserver, and Shiva the Destroyer were the chief Hindu gods.
Siddhārtha Gautama came to be known as "The Enlightened One."
One of the Four Noble Truths is that ordinary life is full of suffering.
According to the Eightfold Path, right action requires followers of Buddhism not to kill, steal, lie, be unchaste, or consume alcohol or drugs.
According to Siddhārtha Gautama, a person can reach enlightenment through meditation
Both Hindus and Buddhists believe in reincarnation.
Buddhists differ from Hindus in that Buddhists believe that all human beings can reach nirvana as a result of their behavior in this life.
Siddhārtha Gautama believed it was important for people to be responsible for their own lives.
Siddhārtha Gautama left his wife and family because he wanted to seek a cure for human suffering and find the meaning of life.
Structures built in the form of burial mounds to house a relic of the Buddha were called stupas.
Under the reign of __________, India became a major crossroads in a trade network that extended from the rim of the Pacific to Southwest Asia and the Mediterranean Sea. Ashoka
Which of the following religions that originated in Persia was practiced in the Kushān Empire? Zoroastrianism
After the Arabs conquered large parts of India in the eighth century A.D., they adopted the Indian numeric system.
Founder is Siddhartha Gautama Buddhism
Has no single founder Hinduism
This religion preaches committing oneself to the eightfold path. Buddhism
Final goal for this religion is nirvana. Buddhism
The ultimate goal for this religion is to achieve moksha. Hinduism
This religion worships Brahma. Hinduism
This religion believes in reincarnation. Buddhism and Hinduism
A key principle is ahimsa. Hinduism and Buddhism
This religion is polytheistic. Hinduism
Created by: m0llymarie