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The Great Communicat

Veterinary Medical Terminology Chapter 11

QuestionAnswer
The chemical messengers of the endocrine system are called what? hormones
What do hormones do? excite or inhibit a motion or an action
How many lobes does the pituitary gland have? two
Why is the pituitary gland called the "master gland"? it is responsible for secreting many hormones that control other endocrine glands
What is the main difference in the anterior lobe and posterior lobe of the pituitary? the anterior lobe produces hormones that cause their target organ to produce a second hormone the posterior lobe does not produce hormones but stores and secretes them and cause the target organ to be affected directly
Which lobe of the pituitary gland secretes hormones? anterior
What does the acronym TSH stand for? Thyroid-stimulating hormone
Where does TSH secrete from? anterior pituitary gland
What is TSH responsible for? augmenting growth and secretions of the thyroid gland
Adrenocorticotropic hormone is secreted from which pituitary gland? anterior
What does ACTH permit? growth and secretions of the adrenal cortex
What does FSH stand for? follicle-stimulating hormone
What lobe is FSH found in? anterior
What is the mechanisms of FSH? augments the secretion of estrogen and growth of eggs in ovaries and production of sperm in the testes
What does LH stand for? luteinizing hormone
What is the purpose of LH? augments ovulation and aids in the maintenance of pregnancy
What does Prolactin do in the anterior pituitary gland? augments milk secretion and influences maternal behavior
What does GH stand for? growth hormone
What does GH do? accelerates body growth
Where is GH found? anterior pituitary gland
What does MSH stand for? melanocyte-stimulating hormone
What does MSH do? augments skin pigmentation
What are the two secretions from the posterior pituitary gland? antidiuretic hormone and oxytocin
What is another name for antidiuretic hormone? vasopressin
What does oxytocin do? stimulates uterine contractions and milk letdown
Where is the thyroid gland located? on either side of the larynx
What does the thyroid gland do? regulates metabolism, iodine uptake, and blood calcium levels
What are the three secretions from the thyroid gland? triiodothyronine, thyroxine, calcitonin
Where are the parathyroid glands located? on the surface of the thyroid gland
What do the parathyroid glands do? secrete parathyroid hormone that regulates blood calcium and phosphorus levels
Where are the adrenal glands located? cranial pole of each kidney
What is the purpose of the adrenal glands? regulates electrolytes, metabolism, sexual functions, and the body's response to injury
What are the two parts of the adrenal gland? the cortex and the medulla
The steroids produced by the adrenal cortex are called what? corticosteroids
What are mineralocorticoids? group of corticosteroids that regulates electrolytes and water balance
What are glucocorticoids? group of corticosteroids that regulates carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism; resistance to stress; and immunologic functioning
What is the name of the group of corticosteroids that aid in development and maintenance of male sex characteristics? androgens
What kind of steroid is given to dogs to increase muscle mass and strength? anabolic steroids
What are the secretions from the adrenal medulla? epinephrine and norepinephrine
What is another name for epinephrine? adrenaline
What is the purpose of a vasopressor? to stimulate blood vessel contraction and increase blood pressure
Secretions from the adrenal medulla are responsible for what kind of action from the body? fight or flight
Where is the pancreas located? near the proximal duodenum
Which organ has both exocrine and endocrine functions? pancreas
What role does the pancreas play in digestion? secretes digestive enzymes
What are the cells called within the pancreas that secrete the hormones that help regulate blood glucose? islets of Langerhans
What are the endocrine secretions of the pancreas? insulin and glucagon
What does insulin do? decreases blood glucose levels by transporting blood glucose in to body cells or into storage as glycogen
What organ is predominantly found in young animals? thymus
Where is the thymus located? midline cranioventral portion of the thoracic cavity
Which gland is responsible for the circadian rhythm? pineal
What is the secretion of the pineal gland? melatonin
What does the ovary secrete? estrogen and progesterone
What is the secretion of the testes? testosterone
If a dog comes into the clinic and the owner states that it has lost a lot of weight, is PU, and PD, what could be the cause? diabetes mellitus
What is another name for Cushing's disease? hyperadrenocorticism
What is another name for Addison's disease? hypoadrenocorticism
What are the signs of hyperadrenocorticism in horses? failure to shed coat, long, thick hair that mats, excessive sweating, loss of muscle, swayback (lordosis) and a pendulous abdomen
If a cat is diagnosed with hyperthyroidism and the DVM want to take it out, what is the name of that surgical procedure? thyroidectomy
Created by: spoitevint